Gastroenterology Research and Practice / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Dietary Risk Factors Associated with Development of Gastric Cancer in Nepal: A Hospital-Based Case-Control Study

Table 2

Association of dietary and lifestyle factors with the risk of gastric cancer.

VariablesCase ()Control ()Bivariate analysisMultivariable analysis
(%) (%)COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)¥

Refrigerator
 Yes11 (14)53 (34)0.30 (0.14-0.64)0.56 (0.16-1.91)
 No68 (86)105 (66)RefRef
Tobacco use
 Yes50 (63)77 (49)1.94 (1.07-3.53)
 No29 (37)81 (51)Ref
Consumption of alcohol
 Yes41 (52)50 (32)2.29 (1.31-4.00)0.67 (0.23-1.93)
 No38 (48)108 (68)RefRef
Consumption of white meata
 High53 (67)81 (51)2.05 (1.13-3.73)0.43 (0.12-1.47)
 Moderate/low26 (33)77 (49)RefRef
Consumption of red meata
 High40 (51)32 (20)4.80 (2.41-9.58)3.16 (0.86-11.51)
 Moderate/low39 (49)126 (80)RefRef
Consumption of processed meata
 High63 (80)60 (38)10.27 (4.33-24.37)3.99 (0.90-17.66)
 Moderate/low16 (20)98 (62)RefRef
Consumption of dairy producta
 High66 (84)126 (80)1.30 (0.63-2.67)
 Moderate/low13 (16)32 (20)Ref
Preferences of amount of fats/oila
 High48 (61)26 (16)8.90 (4.16-19.05)4.64 (1.56-13.72)
 Moderate/low31 (39)132 (84)RefRef
Preferences of amount of saltsa
 High37 (47)15 (10)8.01 (3.70-17.32)4.18 (1.30-13.44)
 Moderate/low42 (53)143 (90)RefRef
Preferences of condimentsa
 High32 (41)16 (10)6.60 (3.01-14.48)1.28 (0.38-4.34)
 Moderate/low47 (59)142 (90)RefRef
Consumption of green vegetablesa
 High43 (54)63 (40)1.82 (1.04-3.19)1.78 (0.66-4.82)
 Moderate/low36 (46)95 (60)RefRef
Consumption of fruitsa
 High13 (16)99 (63)0.11 (0.05-0.24)0.21 (0.07-0.65)
 Moderate/low66 (84)59 (37)RefRef

COR: crude odds ratio for the unadjusted conditional logistic regression model; AOR: adjusted odds ratio for the backward stepwise conditional logistic regression model. denotes , denotes , and denotes . Ref: references category. aNumber of superscripts refers to dichotomized variables. High, daily or 1-2 times/week or ≥ 3 times/week, and moderate/low, never or less frequently (<3/month). ¥Variables adjusted for refrigerator, consumption of alcohol, consumption of white meat, consumption of red meat, consumption of processed meat, consumption of dairy product, preferences of the amount of fats/oils, preferences of amount of salts, preferences of condiments, consumption of green vegetables, and consumption of fruits.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.