Table of Contents
Game Theory
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 512742, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/512742
Research Article

Subordinated Hedonic Games

1Instituto de Matemática Aplicada San Luis (UNSL-CONICET), Avenida Ejército de Los Andes 950, 5700 San Luis, Argentina
2Departamento de Matemática (UN San Luis), Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis, Argentina

Received 24 April 2013; Accepted 9 July 2013

Academic Editor: Walter Briec

Copyright © 2013 Juan Carlos Cesco. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hedonic games are simple models of coalition formation whose main solution concept is that of core partition. Several conditions guaranteeing the existence of core partitions have been proposed so far. In this paper, we explore hedonic games where a reduced family of coalitions determines the development of the game. We allow each coalition to select a subset of it so as to act as its set of representatives (a distribution). Then, we introduce the notion of subordination of a hedonic game to a given distribution. Subordination roughly states that any player chosen as a representative for a coalition has to be comfortable with this decision. With subordination we have a tool, within hedonic games, to compare how a “convenient” agreement reached by the sets of representatives of different groups of a society is “valued” by the rest of the society. In our approach, a “convenient” agreement is a core partition, so this paper is devoted to relate the core of a hedonic game with the core of a hedonic game played by the sets of representatives. Thus we have to tackle the existence problem of core partitions in a reduced game where the only coalitions that matter are those prescribed by the distribution as a set of representatives. We also study how a distribution determines the whole set of core partitions of a hedonic game. As an interesting example, we introduce the notion of hedonic partitioning game, which resembles partitioning games studied in the case where a utility, transferable or not, is present. The existence result obtained in this new class of games is later used to provide a nonconstructive proof of the existence of a stable matching in the marriage model.