Table of Contents
Hepatitis Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 415841, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/415841
Research Article

Compliance of Healthcare Professionals with Safety Measures for Control of Hepatitis Viruses in Hemodialysis Centers: An Experience from Southeast Iran

1Physiology Research Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman 7616913911, Iran
2Physiology Research Center, Afzalipour Hospital, Imam Exp, Kerman, Iran
3Clinical Research Unit, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4Research Center for Modeling in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Received 29 May 2012; Revised 1 October 2012; Accepted 1 October 2012

Academic Editor: H. L. Bonkovsky

Copyright © 2012 Sodaif Darvish Moghaddam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Noncompliance with the recommended infection control measures by the healthcare professionals (HCPs) plays a major role in transmission of hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses in hemodialysis (HD) wards. This study aimed to determine the compliance rate of the HCP with safety measures in the HD wards in southeast Iran. Patients and Methods. A total of 208 patients were enrolled. Adherence of HCPs with standard infection control measures was assessed. Results. Sixty-one HCPs with a mean age of 32.4 ± 11.2 years old were responsible for healthcare services. Compliance with the following items was weak: not sharing medications trolley (29.8%), disinfecting the shared instruments (46.2%), using single use materials for many patients (52.4%), carrying used materials in disposable containers (51.9%), not returning of unused materials to the clean room (55.3%), and adherence to hand washing (58.7%). Periodic monitoring for HBV and HCV was performed on 100% and 69.7% of the patients, respectively. Less than 2/3 of HCPs participated in the retraining courses. Conclusion. Compliance of HCPs with safety measures for viral hepatitis prevention was partly inadequate in HD wards. Emphasis on retraining of HCPs and official supervision would be effective steps in the reduction of viral dissemination.