Table of Contents
Hepatitis Research and Treatment
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 860514, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/860514
Research Article

Hepatitis Viruses in Heamodialysis Patients: An Added Insult to Injury?

1Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College and Hospital, Manipal University, Madhav Nagar, Manipal 576104, Karnataka, India
2Department of Nephrology, Kasturba Medical College and Hospital, Manipal University, Madhav Nagar, Manipal 576104, Karnataka, India

Received 13 December 2012; Revised 4 February 2013; Accepted 12 February 2013

Academic Editor: Piero Luigi Almasio

Copyright © 2013 Kranthi Kosaraju et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses are the most important causes of chronic liver disease in patients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis. The prevalence of hepatitis infection among hemodialysis patients is high and varies between countries and between dialysis units within a single country. This case-control study was undertaken to estimate the occurrence of HBV and HCV infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis in our tertiary care center. All patients receving hemodialysis at our centre with HCV or HBV infection were included in the study. The total number of patients admitted for hemodialysis during the study period was 1710. Among these, 26 patients were positive for HBV, 19 were positive for HCV, and 2 were positive for both HCV and HBV. Mean age of the infected cases in our study was 48.63 years. Mean duration of dialysis for infected cases was 4.8 years while that of the noninfected controls was 3.18 years. The mean dialysis interval was twice a week. Interventions to reduce the occurrence of these infections are of utmost need to reduce the risk of long-term complications among hemodialysis patients.