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HPB Surgery
Volume 6 (1992), Issue 1, Pages 19-22
Review Article

Erosive Gastritis and Portal Hypertension

University Department of Surgery, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Received 7 January 1992; Accepted 13 January 1992

Copyright © 1992 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


There is conflicting evidence concerning the effects of portal hypertension on the gastric mucosa. This paper summarises the histological and haemodynamic alterations which are present in both human and experimental portal hypertension. Despite the fact that histological studies suggests that the gastric mucosa is an oedematous plethoric structure in portal hypertension, haemodynamic studies show that gastric mucosal blood glow is at least maintained if not increased in portal hypertension. The term “active” rather than “passive” congestion is a more appropriate description of the basic change present in the gastric mucosa in portal hypertension.