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HPB Surgery
Volume 9 (1996), Issue 3, Pages 153-159
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1996/69047

Effects of Endothelin-1 on Hepatic Blood Flow

1Department of Surgery, University Hospital of Tromosø, Norway
2Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital of Tromosø, Norway

Copyright © 1996 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Endothelin-1 belongs to a family of potent vasoconstrictors, recently isolated from endothelial cells. Endothelin-1 has a variety of hepatic effects and hepatic clearance from the circulation is important. Elevated plasma concentrations of Endothelin-1 are found after orthotopic liver transplantation and in cirrhosis with ascites.

This study in piglets on hepatic bloodflow was designed to compare differences in effects between central venous and intraportal injection of endothelin-1, and to evaluate effects of repeated injections. Central venous injection of endothelin-1 caused a larger reduction in portal vein flow, while intraportal injection caused a larger increase in portal vein pressure. Repeated injections resulted in a reduction in portal vein flow and an increase in portal vein vascular resistance.