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HPB Surgery
Volume 2014, Article ID 938251, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/938251
Clinical Study

Pancreatic Resections in Renal Failure Patients: Is It Worth the Risk?

1Department of Surgery, University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
2Queens Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
3University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA

Received 18 September 2013; Revised 11 December 2013; Accepted 29 December 2013; Published 9 February 2014

Academic Editor: Christos G. Dervenis

Copyright © 2014 K. S. Norman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Chronic kidney disease affects 20 million US patients, with nearly 600,000 on dialysis. Long-term survival is limited and the risk of complex pancreatic surgery in this group is questionable. Previous studies are limited to case reports and small case series and a large database may help determine the true risk of pancreatic surgery in this population. Methods. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried (2005–2011) for patients who underwent pancreatic resection. Renal failure was defined as the clinical condition associated with rapid, steadily increasing azotemia (rise in BUN) and increasing creatinine above 3 mg/dL. Operative trends and short-term outcomes were reviewed for those with and without renal failure (RF). Results. In 18,533 patients, 28 had RF. There was no difference in wound infections, neurologic or cardiovascular complications. Compared to non-RF patients, those with RF had more unplanned intubation (OR 4.89, 95% CI 1.85–12.89), bleeding requiring transfusion (OR 3.12, 95% CI 1.37–14.21), septic shock (OR 8.86, 95% CI 3.75–20.91), higher 30-day mortality (21.4% versus 2.3%, ) and longer hospital stay (23 versus 12 days, ). Conclusions. RF patients have much higher morbidity and mortality after pancreatic resections and surgeons should consider this before proceeding.