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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 9 (2001), Issue 4, Pages 215-219
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1064744901000357

Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus Antibodies and Hepatitis B Antigen Among Commercial Sex Workers in Japan

1Department of Clinical Pathology, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, Chiba, Japan
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, 2-1-1 Tomioka, Urayasu City, Chiba, Japan

Received 14 May 2001; Accepted 1 October 2001

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), and of hepatitis B surface (HBs) antigen in commercial sex workers (CSW) who attended a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Tokyo.

Methods: Surveys were conducted on 308 CSW and 384 control subjects for HIV antibody or 241 control subjects for HBs antibody and antigen and HCV antibody.

Results: HIV antibodywas not detected in either CSW or control subjects. The positive rates for HBs antigen and antibody were 0.6 and 23.4%, respectively, in the CSW group, and 0.4 and 71.8% in the control group. The HCV antibody positive rate was 3.2% in the CSW group and 0.4% in the control group.

Conclusion: A statistically significant difference between the two groups was observed only in HCV antibody positive rate. STD checkup for CSW alone is inadequate – STD health education and screening for the general public are also required.