David S. McKenna, Scott Matson, Ike Northern, "Maternal Group B Streptococcal (GBS) Genital Tract Colonization at Term in Women who Have Asymptomatic GBS Bacteriuria", Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 11, Article ID 357051, 5 pages, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1080/10647440300025522
Maternal Group B Streptococcal (GBS) Genital Tract Colonization at Term in Women who Have Asymptomatic GBS Bacteriuria
Objective: To determine the rate of positive group B streptococcus (GBS) cultures at 35–37 weeks gestation in women who have first trimester asymptomatic GBS bacteriuria.Methods: Pregnant women with asymptomatic first trimester GBS bacteriuria had genital cultures for GBS performed at 35–37 weeks gestational age. Serotyping was performed by the standard Lancefield capillary precipitin method.Results: Fifty-three women with positive urine cultures had genital cultures performed at 35–37 weeks. Sixteen of the 53 (30.2%; 95% confidence interval: 18.4–44.3%) third trimester vaginal cultures were positive for GBS. Five of eight (63%) of the women with typable urine serotypes had the same typable serotype in the third trimester genital culture.Conclusion: Genital tract cultures at 35–37 weeks for GBS correlate poorly with first trimester asymptomatic GBS bacteriuria. Recommendations for GBS prophylaxis in labor in women who have first trimester asymptomatic GBS bacteriuria should be investigated further and reconsidered.
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