Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology / 2003 / Article

Open Access

Volume 11 |Article ID 698065 | https://doi.org/10.1155/S1064744903000097

John W. Larsen, W. David Hager, Charles H. Livengood, Udo Hoyme, "Guidelines for the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Postoperative Infections", Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 11, Article ID 698065, 6 pages, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1155/S1064744903000097

Guidelines for the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Postoperative Infections

Received09 Jul 2002
Accepted24 Sep 2002

Abstract

Bacterial contamination of the operative site is a common occurrence in obstetrics and gynecology. The widespread use of antibiotic prophylaxis has reduced but not eliminated serious postoperative infections. For most operations, a single dose of a limited-spectrum drug has been as effective as a multidose regimen. In the differential diagnosis it is important to consider cellulitis, abscess, necrotizing fasciitis and septic pelvic thrombophlebitis. Abscess and necrotizing fasciitis are expected to require invasive therapy in addition to antibiotics, while cellulitis and septic pelvic thrombophlebitis should respond to medical management alone. Although a postoperative fever is a warning sign of possible infection, it may also be caused by the antibiotics that are given for treatment. The use of prolonged courses of antibiotics once the patient is clinically well is discouraged. While clinical guidelines are provided for use in the diagnosis and management of postoperative infections, these recommendations are intended for general direction and not as an exclusive management plan.

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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