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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 27-30

Perimenopausal Pneumococcal Tubo-Ovarian Abscess – a Case Report and Review

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool L8 7SS, United Kingdom

Received 25 July 2003; Accepted 4 December 2003

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background: Genital tract infections in females secondary to Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) are unusual. Tubo-ovarian abscess resulting from such an infection is a rare occurrence and diagnosis is not always easy. This report demonstrates the problems of recognizing this condition and summarizes the pathomechanism, investigations leading to a diagnosis and the subsequent management.

Case: A rare case of a tubo-ovarian abscess caused by pneumococcus, occurring in a previously healthy 48- year-old woman, is presented. The tubo-ovarian abscess may have developed insidiously and probably had an acute exacerbation prior to presentation.

Conclusion: This case is unusual in that there were no identifiable initiating events for the source of the pneumococcal infection. Early recognition of a tubo-ovarian abscess is important in order to prevent the associated morbidity and mortality. This condition has the propensity to mimic a neoplasm.