Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2006 (2006), Article ID 80383, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/IDOG/2006/80383
Clinical Study

Knowledge and Awareness of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Among Women

1National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
2Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
3National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
4Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
5Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
6Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
7Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35213, USA
8Children's Hospital, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44104, USA
9Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA

Received 2 August 2006; Accepted 13 September 2006

Copyright © 2006 Jiyeon Jeon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [73 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Danielle S. Ross, Marcia Victor, Esther Sumartojo, and Michael J. Cannon, “Women's Knowledge of Congenital Cytomegalovirus: Results From the 2005 HealthStyles™ Survey,” Journal of Women's Health, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 849–858, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Stephanie A.S. Staras, W. Dana Flanders, Sheila C. Dollard, Robert F. Pass, John E. McGowan Jr., and Michael J. Cannon, “Influence of sexual activity on cytomegalovirus seroprevalence in the United States, 1988-1994,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 472–479, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Beth C. Marshall, and Stuart P. Adler, “The frequency of pregnancy and exposure to cytomegalovirus infections among women with a young child in day care,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 200, no. 2, pp. 163–e1, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jennifer S. Read, Michael J. Cannon, Lawrence R. Stanberry, and Susan Schuval, “Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of Viral Infections,” Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 274–297, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Danielle S. Ross, Sonja A. Rasmussen, Michael J. Cannon, Britta Anderson, Katie Kilker, Abbigail Tumpey, Jay Schulkin, and Jeffrey L. Jones, “Obstetrician/Gynecologists' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Prevention of Infections in Pregnancy,” Journal of Women's Health, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 1187–1193, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sandrine Francisse, Philippe Revelard, Viviane De Maertelaer, Elodie Strebelle, Yvon Englert, and Corinne Liesnard, “Human cytomegalovirus seroprevalence and risk of seroconversion in a fertility clinic population,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 285–291, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Picone, Vauloup-Fellous, Cordier, Parent Du Châtelet, Senat, Frydman, and Grangeot-Keros, “A 2-year study on cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy in a French hospital,” BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 116, no. 6, pp. 818–823, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Stelma, Smismans, Goossens, Bruggeman, and Hoebe, “Occupational risk of human Cytomegalovirus and Parvovirus B19 infection in female day care personnel in the Netherlands; A study based on seroprevalence,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 393–397, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Michael J. Cannon, “Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) epidemiology and awareness,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. S6–S10, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Christelle Vauloup-Fellous, Olivier Picone, Anne-Gaëlle Cordier, Isabelle Parent-du-Châtelet, Marie-Victoire Senat, René Frydman, and Liliane Grangeot-Keros, “Does hygiene counseling have an impact on the rate of CMV primary infection during pregnancy?. Results of a 3-year prospective study in a French hospital,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. S49–S53, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Korver, de Vries, de Jong, Dekker, Vossen, and Oudesluys-Murphy, “Awareness of congenital cytomegalovirus among doctors in the Netherlands,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. S11–S15, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Naoki Nozawa, June Fang-Hoover, Takako Tabata, Ekaterina Maidji, and Lenore Pereira, “Cytomegalovirus-specific, high-avidity IgG with neutralizing activity in maternal circulation enriched in the fetal bloodstream,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. S58–S63, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Gail J. Demmler-Harrison, “Congenital cytomegalovirus: Public health action towards awareness, prevention, and treatment,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. S1–S5, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sonja A. Rasmussen, J. David Erickson, Susan E. Reef, and Danielle S. Ross, “Teratology: From science to birth defects prevention,” Birth Defects Research Part A - Clinical and Molecular Teratology, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 82–92, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Tiffany J. Petty, S. Todd Callahan, Qingxia Chen, Kathryn M. Edwards, and Amanda F. Dempsey, “Assessment of parental acceptance of a potential cytomegalovirus vaccine for adolescent females,” Vaccine, vol. 28, no. 35, pp. 5686–5690, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Michael J. Cannon, D. Scott Schmid, and Terri B. Hyde, “Review of cytomegalovirus seroprevalence and demographic characteristics associated with infection,” Reviews in Medical Virology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 202–213, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Fernando Baquero-Artigao, “Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: Is serological screening during pregnancy necessary?,” Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 363–369, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel E. Noyola, María E. Jiménez-Capdeville, and Gail J. Demmler-Harrison, “Central nervous system disorders in infants with congenital cytomegalovirus infection,” Neurological Research, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 278–284, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mark R Schleiss, and Michael A McVoy, “Guinea pig cytomegalovirus: a model for the prevention and treatment of maternal–fetal cytomegalovirus transmission,” Future Virology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 207–217, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mark R. Schleiss, “Cytomegalovirus vaccines in the pipeline,” Drugs of the Future, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 999–1006, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • M. R. Schleiss, “Cytomegalovirus Vaccines In The Pipeline,” Drugs Of The Future, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 999–1006, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Meaghan A. Leddy, Bernard Gonik, and Jay Schulkin, “Obstetrician-Gynecologists and Perinatal Infections: A Review of Studies of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network (2005–2009),” Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 2010, pp. 1–7, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • M. R. Schleiss, “Could Therapeutic Vaccination of Cytomegalovirus-Seropositive Persons Prevent Reinfection and Congenital Virus Transmission?,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 203, no. 11, pp. 1513–1516, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Maria Grazia Revello, Elisa Fabbri, Milena Furione, Maurizio Zavattoni, Daniele Lilleri, Beatrice Tassis, Aida Quarenghi, Chiara Cena, Alessia Arossa, Laura Montanari, Vanina Rognoni, Arsenio Spinillo, and Giuseppe Gerna, “Role of prenatal diagnosis and counseling in the management of 735 pregnancies complicated by primary human cytomegalovirus infection: A 20-year experience,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 303–307, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Giovanni Nigro, and Stuart P. Adler, “Cytomegalovirus infections during pregnancy,” Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 123–128, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Erica S. Din, Cedric J. Brown, Scott D. Grosse, Chengbin Wang, Stephanie R. Bialek, Danielle S. Ross, and Michael J. Cannon, “Attitudes toward newborn screening for cytomegalovirus infection,” Pediatrics, vol. 128, no. 6, pp. e1434–e1442, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Christian A. Garcia-Sepulveda, Sergio O. Rodriguez-Vidal, Uciel R. Ochoa-Perez, Juan M. Pina-Granja, Lorena Matienzo-Serment, and Daniel E. Noyola, “Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in newborn infants from the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico,” Salud Publica De Mexico, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 513–515, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Tiziana Lazzarotto, and Marcello Lanari, “Why is cytomegalovirus the most frequent cause of congenital infection?,” Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 841–843, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Stuart P. Adler, “Screening for Cytomegalovirus during Pregnancy,” Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 2011, pp. 1–9, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sheri Lewis Bate, and Michael J. Cannon, “A Social Marketing Approach to Building a Behavioral Intervention for Congenital Cytomegalovirus,” Health Promotion Practice, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 349–360, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Francine H. Tvrdy, Troy Johnson, Jeff Hoffman, Julie A. Honaker, and Stephen J. Boney, “Trends in congenital cytomegalovirus: A review of current screening methods and prevention strategies,” Seminars in Hearing, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 321–331, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Lim, Tan, and Tan, “Awareness of and attitudes toward congenital cytomegalovirus infection among pregnant women in Singapore,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 117, no. 3, pp. 268–272, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Gini G. C. van Rijckevorsel, Lian P. M. J. Bovee, Marjolein Damen, Gerard J. B. Sonder, Maarten F. Schim van der Loeff, and Anneke van den Hoek, “Increased seroprevalence of IgG-class antibodies against cytomegalovirus, parvovirus B19, and varicella-zoster virus in women working in child day care,” Bmc Public Health, vol. 12, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Michael J. Cannon, Kyresa Westbrook, Denise Levis, Mark R. Schleiss, Rosemary Thackeray, and Robert F. Pass, “Awareness of and behaviors related to child-to-mother transmission of cytomegalovirus,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 351–357, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Cordier, Guitton, Vauloup-Fellous, Grangeot-Keros, Ayoubi, Benachi, and Picone, “Awareness of cytomegalovirus infection among pregnant women in France,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 332–337, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jessica Leung, Michael J. Cannon, Scott D. Grosse, and Stephanie R. Bialek, “Laboratory testing for cytomegalovirus among pregnant women in the United States: a retrospective study using administrative claims data,” Bmc Infectious Diseases, vol. 12, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • S. Guitton, A.G. Cordier, C. Vauloup-Fellous, L. Grangeot-Keros, J.-M. Ayoubi, A. Benachi, and O. Picone, “Cytomegalovirus infection awareness among French pregnant women and health care providers in France,” Revue Sage - Femme, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 217–225, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • A.G. Cordier, S. Guitton, C. Vauloup-Fellous, L. Grangeot-Keros, A. Benachi, and O. Picone, “Awareness and knowledge of congenital cytomegalovirus infection among health care providers in France,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 158–163, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Regine Barlinn, Kirsti Vainio, Helvi Holm Samdal, Svein Arne Nordbø, Hanne Nøkleby, and Susanne G. Dudman, “Susceptibility to cytomegalovirus, parvovirus B19 and age-dependent differences in levels of rubella antibodies among pregnant women,” Journal of Medical Virology, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rosemary Thackeray, Allison Wright, and Katherine Chipman, “Congenital Cytomegalovirus Reference Material: A Content Analysis of Coverage and Accuracy,” Maternal and Child Health Journal, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Eleri J. Williams, Nicholas D. Embleton, Julia E. Clark, Mary Bythell, Martin P. Ward Platt, and Janet E. Berrington, “Viral Infections: Contributions to Late Fetal Death, Stillbirth, and Infant Death,” The Journal of Pediatrics, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • J. Seror, P. Bordes, and D. Luton, “Dépistage systématique du CMV pendant la grossesse : évaluation des pratiques en Île-de-France,” Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sheetal Manicklal, Vincent C. Emery, Tiziana Lazzarotto, Suresh B. Boppana, and Ravindra K. Gupta, “The "Silent" Global Burden of Congenital Cytomegalovirus,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 86–102, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Monique T R Pereboom, Judith Manniën, Evelien R Spelten, François G Schellevis, and Eileen K Hutton, “Observational study to assess pregnant women’s knowledge and behaviour to prevent toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus,” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 98, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • H. R. Baer, H. E. McBride, A. C. Caviness, and G. J. Demmler-Harrison, “Survey of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) knowledge among medical students,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 222–242, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Monique T.R. Pereboom, Judith Manniën, Evelien R. Spelten, Eileen K. Hutton, and François G. Schellevis, “Maternal cytomegalovirus infection prevention: The role of Dutch primary care midwives,” Midwifery, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Monique Pereboom, Judith Manniën, Kelly van Almkerk, Evelien R. Spelten, Janneke Gitsels, Linda Martin, Eileen K. Hutton, and François G. Schellevis, “What information do Dutch midwives give clients about toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus prevention? An exploratory study of videotaped consultations,” Patient Education and Counseling, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Marion Rita Alex, “Congenital Cytomegalovirus: Implications for Maternal-Child Nursing,” Mcn-The American Journal of Maternal-Child Nursing, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 122–129, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ichiro Morioka, Ayako Sonoyama, Shinya Tairaku, Yasuhiko Ebina, Satoshi Nagamata, Mayumi Morizane, Kenji Tanimura, Kazumoto Iijima, and Hideto Yamada, “Awareness of and knowledge about mother-to-child infections in Japanese pregnant women,” Congenital Anomalies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 35–40, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Wendy J van Zuylen, Stuart T Hamilton, Zin Naing, Beverly Hall, Antonia Shand, and William D Rawlinson, “Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: Clinical presentation, epidemiology, diagnosis and prevention,” Obstetric Medicine, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 140–146, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jennifer D Stowell, Karen Mask, Minal Amin, Rebekah Clark, Denise Levis, Will Hendley, Tatiana M Lanzieri, Sheila C Dollard, and Michael J Cannon, “Cross-sectional study of cytomegalovirus shedding and immunological markers among seropositive children and their mothers,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 14, no. 1, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Simani M Price, Erika Bonilla, Paul Zador, Denise M Levis, Christina L Kilgo, and Michael J Cannon, “Educating women about congenital cytomegalovirus: assessment of health education materials through a web-based survey,” BMC Women's Health, vol. 14, no. 1, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Stuart T. Hamilton, Wendy van Zuylen, Antonia Shand, Gillian M. Scott, Zin Naing, Beverley Hall, Maria E. Craig, and William D. Rawlinson, “Prevention of congenital cytomegalovirus complications by maternal and neonatal treatments: a systematic review,” Reviews in Medical Virology, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • McBride, Caviness, Demmler-Harrison, and Baer, “Survey of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) knowledge among medical students,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 222–242, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zin W. Naing, Gillian M. Scott, Antonia Shand, Stuart T. Hamilton, Wendy J. van Zuylen, James Basha, Beverly Hall, Maria E. Craig, and William D. Rawlinson, “Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy: a review of prevalence, clinical features, diagnosis and prevention,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Julie H. Ishida, X. Charlene Liao, Jorge A. Tavel, Tracy Burgess, Michael A. Derby, Pearline A. Brown, Mauricio Maia, Rong Deng, Brinda Emu, Becket Feierbach, and Ashley E. Fouts, “Phase 1 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of RG7667, an anticytomegalovirus combination monoclonal antibody therapy, in healthy adults,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 4919–4929, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Idris Abdullahi Nasir, Yahaya Usman, and Adamu Babayo, “Evaluation of pregnant women susceptible to cytomegalovirus infection in Maiduguri, Nigeria,” Research Journal of Microbiology, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 336–342, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Gail J. Harrison, “Current Controversies in Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Congenital Cytomegalovirus: Updates for the Pediatric Practitioner,” Pediatric Annals, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. e115–e125, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Alexia Willame, Geraldine Blanchard-Rohner, Christophe Combescure, Olivier Irion, Klara Posfay-Barbe, and Begoña Martinez de Tejada, “Awareness of Cytomegalovirus Infection among Pregnant Women in Geneva, Switzerland: A Cross-sectional Study,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 15285–15297, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Julia Jueckstock, Markus Rothenburger, Klaus Friese, and Friederike Traunmueller, “Passive Immunization against Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection: Current State of Knowledge,” Pharmacology, vol. 95, no. 5-6, pp. 209–217, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sandro Binda, Laura Pellegrinelli, Marco Terraneo, Alessandra Caserini, Valeria Primache, Laura Bubba, and Maria Barbi, “What people know about congenital CMV: an analysis of a large heterogeneous population through a web-based survey,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 16, no. 1, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rosemary Thackeray, and Brianna M. Magnusson, “Women's attitudes toward practicing cytomegalovirus prevention behaviors,” Preventive Medicine Reports, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rosemary Thackeray, and Brianna M. Magnusson, “Child Care Provider Awareness and Prevention of Cytomegalovirus and Other Infectious Diseases,” Child and Youth Care Forum, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 301–314, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William D. Rawlinson, Stuart T. Hamilton, and Wendy J. van Zuylen, “Update on treatment of cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy and of the newborn with congenital cytomegalovirus,” Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 615–624, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William Rawlinson, “Congenital CMV international guidelines are needed to guide diagnosis, prevention and management,” Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, vol. 106, no. 9, pp. 1389–1390, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jessica L. Coleman, and Russell W. Steele, “Preventing Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection,” Clinical Pediatrics, pp. 000992281772440, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • A. W. Shand, W. Luk, N. Nassar, L. Hui, K. Dyer, and W. Rawlinson, “Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and pregnancy-potential for improvements in Australasian maternity health providers’ knowledge,” The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, pp. 1–6, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hannah Rütten, Anke Rissmann, Birgit Brett, Serban-Dan Costa, Birgit Doßow, Jacqueline Färber, Stefan Fest, Christiane Fritzsch, Anke Lux, Ilona Päge, Claudia Spillner, and Anke Redlich, “Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in Central Germany: an underestimated risk,” Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Benjamin Louis Moresco, Melissa Dziuk Svoboda, and Yu-Tze Ng, “A quiet disease with loud manifestations,” Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William D Rawlinson, Suresh B Boppana, Karen B Fowler, David W Kimberlin, Tiziana Lazzarotto, Sophie Alain, Kate Daly, Sara Doutré, Laura Gibson, Michelle L Giles, Janelle Greenlee, Stuart T Hamilton, Gail J Harrison, Lisa Hui, Cheryl A Jones, Pamela Palasanthiran, Mark R Schleiss, Antonia W Shand, and Wendy J van Zuylen, “Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy and the neonate: consensus recommendations for prevention, diagnosis, and therapy,” The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Denise M. Levis, Christina L. Hillard, Simani M. Price, Erika Reed-Gross, Erika Bonilla, Minal Amin, Jennifer D. Stowell, Rebekah Clark, Delaney Johnson, Karen Mask, Cynthia Carpentieri, and Michael J. Cannon, “Using theory-based messages to motivate U.S. pregnant women to prevent cytomegalovirus infection: results from formative research,” BMC Women's Health, vol. 17, no. 1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rosemary Thackeray, Brianna M. Magnusson, and Emily M. Christensen, “Effectiveness of message framing on women’s intention to perform cytomegalovirus prevention behaviors: a cross-sectional study,” BMC Women's Health, vol. 17, no. 1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Kathleen M. Muldoon, Amy Armstrong-Heimsoth, and Jodi Thomas, “Knowledge of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) among physical and occupational therapists in the United States,” Plos One, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. e0185635, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar