Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2007, Article ID 67014, 4 pages
Research Article

Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis in Women with Cervicitis in Tehran, Iran

1Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 14155, Iran
2Infectious Disease Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 14194, Iran
3Department of Pathobiology, School of Medicine, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd 89195, Iran

Received 8 October 2006; Accepted 15 November 2006

Copyright © 2007 Farhad B. Hashemi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. C. Gerbase, J. T. Rowley, and T. E. Mertens, “Global epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases,” The Lancet, vol. 351, 3, pp. S2–S4, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Paavonenl and W. Eggert-Kruse, “Chlamydia trachomatis: impact on human reproduction,” Human Reproduction Update, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 433–447, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance Report,” 2000, Atlanta, USA.
  4. W. C. Miller, C. A. Ford, M. Morris et al., “Prevalence of chlamydial and gonococcal infections among young adults in the United States,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 291, no. 18, pp. 2229–2236, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. D. Kese, M. Maticic, and M. Potocnik, “Chlamydia trachomatis infections in heterosexuals attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Slovenia,” Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 240–242, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. B. Fatollahzadeh, A. Mirsalehian, B. Kazemi, H. Arshadi, and B. Pourakbari, “Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in first-void urine from patients with urethritis by multiplex PCR,” Journal School of Medicine, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 449–457, 2004 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  7. S. Darougar, B. Aramesh, J. A. Gibson, J. D. Treharne, and B. R. Jones, “Chlamydial genital infection in prostitutes in Iran,” British Journal of Venereal Diseases, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 53–55, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  8. C. Munk, S. A. Morris, S. K. Kjaer et al., “PCR-detected chlamydia trachomatis infections from the uterine cervix of young women from the general population: prevalence and risk determinants,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 325–328, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. Molano, E. Weiderpass, H. Posso et al., “Prevalence and determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis infections in women from Bogota, Colombia,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 79, no. 6, pp. 474–478, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. A. M. Jolly, M. E. K. Moffatt, M. V. Fast, and R. C. Brunham, “Sexually transmitted disease thresholds in Manitoba, Canada,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 781–788, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. K. A. Gershman and J. C. Barrow, “A tale of two sexually transmitted diseases: prevalences and predictors of chlamydia and gonorrhea in women attending Colorado family planning clinics,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 481–488, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. F. Fallah, B. Kazemi, H. Goudarzi et al., “Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis from urine specimens by PCR in women with cervicitis,” Iranian Journal of Public Health, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 20–26, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  13. L. A. Einwalter, J. M. Ritchie, K. A. Ault, and E. M. Smith, “Gonorrhea and chlamydia infection among women visiting family planning clinics: racial variation in prevalence and predictors,” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 135–140, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. J. M. Marrazzo, C. L. Celum, S. D. Hillis, D. Fine, S. Delisle, and H. H. Handsfield, “Performance and cost-effectiveness of selective screening criteria for Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women: implications for a national chlamydia control strategy,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 131–141, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. M. Laga, A. Manoka, M. Kivuvu et al., “Non-ulcerative sexually transmitted diseases as risk factors for HIV-1 transmission in women: results from a cohort study,” AIDS, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 95–102, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. F. A. Plummer, J. N. Simonsen, D. W. Cameron et al., “Cofactors in male-female sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 163, no. 2, pp. 233–239, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  17. H. Grosskurth, F. Mosha, J. Todd et al., “Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomised controlled trial,” The Lancet, vol. 346, no. 8974, pp. 530–536, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. R. R. Finan, H. Tamim, and W. Y. Almawi, “Identification of Chlamydia trachomatis DNA in human papillomavirus (HPV) positive women with normal and abnormal cytology,” Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 266, no. 3, pp. 168–171, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar