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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 842652, 10 pages
Clinical Study

Association between Semen Exposure and Incident Bacterial Vaginosis

1Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Mail Stop K-34, Atlanta, GA 30341-3724, USA
2Department of Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Harper Hospital, 2990 John R. Street, 5 Hudson, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
3Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, USA
4Brown University School of Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Avenue, Providence, RI 02906, USA
5Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 5200 Eastern Avenue, MFL Building, Center Tower, Suite 4000, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA

Received 9 August 2011; Accepted 27 September 2011

Academic Editor: Harold Wiesenfeld

Copyright © 2011 Maria F. Gallo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [12 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Dongsheng Hou, Xia Zhou, Xue Zhong, Matthew L. Settles, Jessica Herring, Li Wang, Zaid Abdo, Larry J. Forney, and Chen Xu, “Microbiota of the seminal fluid from healthy and infertile men,” Fertility and Sterility, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Christina A. Muzny, and Jane R. Schwebke, “Suspected Heterosexual Transmission of Bacterial Vaginosis Without Seminal Fluid Exposure,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 58–60, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Camila Marconi, M. Teresinha Cassamassimo Duarte, Márcia Guimarães da Silva, Larissa Doddi Marcolino, Jossimara Polettini, Ana Paula Gonçalves, Adriano Dias, and Marilza Vieira Cunha Rudge, “<i>Trichomonas vaginalis</i> and <i>Chlamydia trachomatis</i> Prevalence, Incidence and Associated Factors in Pregnant Adolescents from Belém City, in the Brazilian Amazon,” Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 05, no. 12, pp. 677–687, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Lorena López-Torres, Marina Chiappe, César Cárcamo Cavagnaro, Geoff Garnett, King Holmes, and Patricia García, “Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis and associated factors in twenty Peruvian cities,” Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 448–454, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Christina A. Muzny, and Jane R. Schwebke, “Pathogenesis of Bacterial Vaginosis: Discussion of Current Hypotheses,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 214, no. suppl1, pp. S1–S5, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Abigail Norris Turner, Patricia Carr Reese, Margaret Christine Snead, Karen Fields, Melissa Ervin, Athena P. Kourtis, Mark A. Klebanoff, and Maria F. Gallo, “Recent Biomarker-Confirmed Unprotected Vaginal Sex, But Not Self-reported Unprotected Sex, Is Associated With Recurrent Bacterial Vaginosis,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 172–176, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Joseph T. F. Lau, Phoenix K. H. Mo, Jing Gu, Chun Hao, and Coco H. Y. Lai, “Association of situational and environmental factors with last episode of unprotected anal intercourse among msm in hong kong: A case-crossover analysis,” AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 26–42, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Louise C. Kenny, and Douglas B. Kell, “Immunological Tolerance, Pregnancy, and Preeclampsia: The Roles of Semen Microbes and the Father†,” Frontiers in Medicine, vol. 4, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar