Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Accuracy of Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections and Genital Mycoplasmas Screening by Multiplex Real-Time PCR Using a Self-Collected Veil among Adult Women in Sub-Saharan Africa

Table 2

Prevalences of common curable sexually transmitted infections (group I) and commensal mycoplasmas (apart from M. genitalium) (group II) in the genital tract of 251 adult women living N’Djamena, Chad, and recruited from the community.

All study women (N=251) whatever the collection methods
n (%)
Veil-based
self-collection
n (%) [95% CI]
Swab-based
clinician-collection
n (%) [95% CI]
P

Group I: Curable sexually transmitted bacteria
Chlamydia trachomatis3 (1.2)3 (1.2) [0.0-2.5]2 (0.8) [0.0-1.9]1.0
Neisseria gonorrhoeae1 (0.4)1 (0.4) [0.0-1.2]1 (0.4) [0.0-1.2]1.0
Mycoplasma genitalium4 (1.6)4 (1.6) [0.04-3.1]4 (1.6) [0.04-3.1]1.0
Trichomonas vaginalis1 (0.4)1 (0.4) [0.0-1.2]1 (0.4) [0.0-1.2]1.0
At least 1 curable STI7 (2.8)7 (2.8) [0.0-1.9]6 (2.4) [0.5-4.3]1.0
At least 2 curable STIs2 (0.8)2 (0.8) [0.0-1.9]2 (0.8) [0.0-1.9]1.0

Group II: Commensal mycoplasmas
Mycoplasma hominis34 (13.5)30 (11.9) [7.9-15.9]26 (10.4) [6.6-14.1]0.7
Ureaplasma urealyticum37 (14.7)36 (14.3) [10.1-18.7]28 (11.2) [7.2-15.1]0.3
Ureaplasma parvum115 (45.8)111 (44.2) [38.1-50.4]107 (42.6) [36.5-48.7]0.8
At least 1 commensal mycoplasma150 (59.7)144 (57.4) [51.2-63.5]134 (53.4) [47.2-59.6]0.9
At least 2 commensal mycoplasmas34 (13.5)30 (11.9) [7.3-15.1]21 (8.4) [5.6-12.7]0.9

The frequency of each variable is presented with their 95% confidence interval in brackets.
Statistical comparisons were assessed by McNemar test for paired data.
CI: confidence interval; STI: sexually transmitted infection.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.