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International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 731375, 8 pages
Research Article

Rhizome Yield of Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus L.) as Influenced by Planting Season, Harvest Time, and Spacing

1Department of Plant Pathology, T.C.B. College of Agriculture and Research Station, I.G.K.V., Bilaspur 495001, Chhattisgarh, India
2Department of Botany, Government E.R.R.P.G. Science College, Bilaspur 495001, Chhattisgarh, India
3Department of Biotechnology, Guru Ghasidas Central University, Bilaspur 495001, Chhattisgarh, India

Received 14 January 2012; Revised 20 March 2012; Accepted 23 April 2012

Academic Editor: David Clay

Copyright © 2012 R. K. S. Tiwari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A study was undertaken for two consecutive years to assess the possibility of optimizing rhizome yield of Acorus calamus L. (sweet flag) by shifting the time of planting (i.e., growing in rainy and autumn seasons), maintaining different spacings, and harvesting in different months. Significantly higher yields of A. calamus were recorded when seeded in autumn (13150 kg ha−1) than rainy (6570 kg ha−1) season. Harvesting of crop after 12 months gave maximum rhizome yields of 16470 kg ha−1 and 9370 kg ha−1 respectively during autumn and rainy seasons. A similar trend was also noticed in various yield components (i.e., length, width and weight of rhizome). Closer planting ( cm,  cm) gave significantly higher rhizome yield (8620 kg ha−1, 8120 kg ha−1) than wider spacing  cm (7030 kg ha−1). This study illustrated the possibility of optimizing rhizome yield of A. calamus by manipulation in the time of planting and harvesting as well as maintaining proper plant spacing.