|Table 4: The percent of above-ground dry weight (with percent mortality in parenthesis) of ALS-resistant (AR1, AR2, and MS1) and -susceptible E. crus-galli populations at 21 d after treatment with different ALS herbicides applied alone or in combination with malathiona,b,c,d,e.|
aMeans for each population within a column followed by the same letters are not significantly different according to Fisher’s protected LSD test ().|
b*Represents reduced dry weight with addition of malathion to a particular herbicide treatment based on -test ().
c†Represents increased mortality with addition of malathion to a particular herbicide treatment based on chi-square test ().
dImazethapyr and penoxsulam treatments contained a nonionic surfactant at 0.25% v/v.
eBispyribac-sodium treatments contained a nonionic spray adjuvant and deposition aid at 2.5% v/v.