Table 1

TreatmentDetails of the treatment

T1Farmers’ practices (in general, no line sowing/transplanting, old varieties, and imbalanced fertilizer use, i.e., very low or no application of phosphorus and potassium)

T2Farmers’ practices except improved varieties

T3Farmers’ practices except improved varieties and proper plant spacing by line sowing/transplanting

T4Recommended practices, that is, improved varieties, proper plant spacing by line sowing/transplanting, and balanced fertilization