International Journal of Agronomy / 2015 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Effects of Fungicides, Time of Application, and Application Method on Control of Sclerotinia Blight in Peanut

Table 3

Effect of broadcast and banded applications of the fungicides boscalid and fluazinam applied at different times of the day on Sclerotinia blight of peanut.

Timing, Application Sclerotinia blight incidence (%)
 fungicide (kg a.i. ha−1)method2008 I2008 II20092010

Day
 Boscalid (0.48)Broadcast1.76.023.56.3
 Boscalid (0.48)Banded0.33.330.84.7
 Fluazinam (0.88)Broadcast0.76.335.87.2
 Fluazinam (0.88)Banded0.35.344.07.2
Night
 Boscalid (0.48)Broadcast0.78.019.813.3
 Boscalid (0.48)Banded2.75.721.812.1
 Fluazinam (0.88)Broadcast1.312.332.56.3
 Fluazinam (0.88)Banded0.78.041.57.5
 Fluazinam (0.58)Broadcast0.79.044.59.2
 Fluazinam (0.58)Banded0.05.048.39.0
Nontreated controln/a1.721.361.823.8

Cultivar
 Flavor Runner 4581.08.243.511.2
 Tamrun OL 0242.8
 Tamrun OL0723.88.1

Daytime applications were made between 9:00 a.m. and 11:00 a.m., whereas nighttime applications were made between 11:00 p.m. and 1:00 a.m. Disease incidence was assessed prior to the digging and inversion of plots [35]. Two trials (I and II) were conducted in Gaines County in 2008, whereas the trials from 2009 and 2010 were conducted at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Stephenville. The number of replications for fungicide treatments varied by location totaling 4, 12, and 8 for trials in 2008, 2009, and 2010, respectively. Values within a column for each main effect are not different according to Fisher’s Protected LSD () [34].