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International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2017, Article ID 5353648, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5353648
Research Article

Linear Optimization Model for Efficient Use of Irrigation Water

1Laboratory of Energetic in Arid Zones (ENERGARID), Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Tahri Mohammed University of Bechar, Bechar, Algeria
2Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tahri Mohammed University of Bechar, Bechar, Algeria

Correspondence should be addressed to Wafa Difallah; moc.liamg@fidafaw

Received 8 May 2017; Accepted 27 June 2017; Published 26 July 2017

Academic Editor: David Clay

Copyright © 2017 Wafa Difallah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The implementation of innovative and efficient irrigation techniques is among the greatest challenges facing agriculture. In this regard, a linear programming model is presented in order to optimize water use. The idea behind this model is to assess the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of precipitation to determine the amount of irrigation water required to optimize water use. To achieve this idea, the “knapsack” problem decisional form was used, and the combination of the linear programming and the above-mentioned form proved satisfactory. Field experiments were conducted in Algeria. Based on calculated budgets a model using linear programming was developed. A comparison between the model results and the field findings suggests that the model could reduce water consumption by 28.5%.