International Journal of Analytical Chemistry / 2009 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Analysis of Bio-Obtainable Endocrine Disrupting Metals in River Water and Sediment, Sewage Influent/Effluent, Sludge, Leachate, and Concentrated Leachate, in the Irish Midlands Shannon Catchment

Table 1

Oestrogenicity of metals (data amalgamated from Choe, Martin, and EPA).

Compound/metal Relative potencyLimit ( g/L) for drinking water (EPA Ireland) S.I. No. 278/2007Limit ( g/L) for hard surface water (EPA Ireland). Water quality dangerous substances S.I. No. 12/2001Maximum value for conc. of metals in sludge for use in agriculture (mg/kg) S.I. No. 267/2001Limit of detection (ng/L) of the AAS methodSources

Oestradiol1No dataN/ANo dataN/AAn endogenous natural hormone.
Ni120503002.4Catalysts, by-product of industrial processes.
Mn0.9150N/ANo data0.4Power plants, coke ovens.
Cd0.745N/A200.8Tobacco, burning coal, plating effluent.
Zn0.663000 (abstraction level)10025000.8Dyes, wood preservative, alloys.
Co0.29No dataN/ANo data2.0Paint drier, colour pigment, car/aeroplane exhausts.
Pb0.2710107505.6Mining, ore processing, smelting, refining, recycling, and disposal.
Cr0.275030No data2.0Tanneries, by-product from steel manufacture or anodising plants.
Hg0.271N/A16N/AMetal smelters, batteries, cement manufacture.
Cu0.220003010000.4Plumbing, smelting operations.

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