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International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 376381, 7 pages
Research Article

Tin Content Determination in Canned Fruits and Vegetables by Hydride Generation Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry

1Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Horvatovac 102 a, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Enviromental Health Service Rockefellerova 7, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Received 7 November 2011; Revised 7 February 2012; Accepted 8 February 2012

Academic Editor: Hian Kee Lee

Copyright © 2012 Sanda Rončević et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Tin content in samples of canned fruits and vegetables was determined by hydride generation inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (HG-ICP-OES), and it was compared with results obtained by standard method of flame atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). Selected tin emission lines intensity was measured in prepared samples after addition of tartaric acid and followed by hydride generation with sodium borohydride solution. The most favorable line at 189.991 nm showed the best detection limit (1.9 μg L−1) and limit of quantification (6.4 μg kg−1). Good linearity and sensitivity were established from time resolved analysis and calibration tests. Analytical accuracy of 98–102% was obtained by recovery study of spiked samples. Method of standard addition was applied for tin determination in samples from fully protected tinplate. Tin presence at low-concentration range was successfully determined. It was shown that tenth times less concentrations of Sn were present in protected cans than in nonprotected or partially protected tinplate.