Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2015, Article ID 241412, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/241412
Research Article

Pregabalin and Tranexamic Acid Evaluation by Two Simple and Sensitive Spectrophotometric Methods

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
2PCSIR Laboratories Complex Karachi, Shahrah-e-Dr. Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Karachi 75280, Pakistan
3Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi 75300, Pakistan
4Faculty of Medicine, Ziauddin University, Karachi 75600, Pakistan

Received 8 September 2014; Accepted 6 December 2014

Academic Editor: Mohamed Abdel-Rehim

Copyright © 2015 Nawab Sher et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. A. Houghton, C. Fell, P. J. Whorwell, I. Jones, D. P. Sudworth, and J. D. Gale, “Effect of a second-generation α2δ ligand (pregabalin) on visceral sensation in hypersensitive patients with irritable bowel syndrome,” Gut, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 1218–1225, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. I. Johannessen and T. Tomson, “Pharmacokinetic variability of newer antiepileptic drugs: when is monitoring needed?” Clinical Pharmacokinetics, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 1061–1075, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. R. Gennaro, Remington. The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, Mack, Easton, Pa, USA, 1995.
  4. L. Good, E. Peterson, and B. Lisander, “Tranexamic acid decreases external blood loss but not hidden blood loss in total knee replacement,” British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 596–599, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. I. Walash, F. F. Belal, N. M. El-Enany, and M. H. El-Maghrabey, “Utility of certain nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions for the assay of pregabalin in capsules,” Chemistry Central Journal, vol. 5, no. 1, article 36, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. S. Hammad and O. M. Abdallah, “Optimized and validated spectrophotometric methods for the determination of pregabalin in pharmaceutical formulation using ascorbic acid and salicylaldehyde,” Journal of American Science, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 118–124, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  7. H. Salem, “Analytical study for the charge-transfer complexes of Pregabalin,” E-Journal of Chemistry, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 332–340, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. A. Gouda and Z. A. Malah, “Development and validation of sensitive spectrophotometric method for determination of two antiepileptics in pharmaceutical formulations,” Spectrochimica Acta—Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 105, pp. 488–496, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. M. Saleh, M. M. El-Henawee, G. H. Ragab, and O. F. Mohamed, “Spectrophotometric and spectrofluorimetric determination of pregabalin via condensation reactions in pure form and in capsules,” International Journal of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Biological Sciences, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 738–747, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  10. M. I. Walash, F. Belal, N. El-Enany, and M. H. El-Maghrabey, “Simple and sensitive spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of pregabalin in capsules through derivatization with fluorescamine,” Luminescence, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 342–348, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. S. Gujral, S. K. M. Haque, and S. Kumar, “A novel method for the determination of pregabalin in bulk pharmaceutical formulations and human urine samples,” African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 327–334, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  12. V. V. Vaidya, S. M. Yetal, S. M. N. Roy, N. A. Gomes, and S. S. Joshi, “LC-MS-MS determination of pregabalin in human plasma,” Chromatographia, vol. 66, no. 11-12, pp. 925–928, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Dousa, P. Gibala, and K. Lemr, “Liquid chromatographic separation of pregabalin and its possible impurities with fluorescence detection after postcolumn derivatization with o-phtaldialdehyde,” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 717–722, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. T. M. Ansari, A. Raza, and A.-U. Rehman, “Spectrophotometric determination of tranexamic acid in pharmaceutical bulk and dosage forms,” Analytical Sciences, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1133–1135, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. S. Arayne, N. Sultana, F. A. Siddiqui, A. Z. Mirza, and M. H. Zuberi, “Spectrophotometric techniques to determine tranexamic acid: kinetic studies using ninhydrin and direct measuring using ferric chloride,” Journal of Molecular Structure, vol. 891, no. 1–3, pp. 475–480, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Agarwal and R. S. R. Murthy, “A novel and sensitive colorimetric method for estimation of tranexamic acid in bulk and in pharmaceutical dosage form,” International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 947–950, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  17. E. A. Gadkariem, M. A. Mohamed, and M. A. A. Jabbir, “Assay of Tranaxamic acid via coupling with Ascorbic acid using kinetic methods,” Elixir Pharmacy, vol. 54, pp. 12331–12334, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  18. M. Y. Dhamra, “Spectrophotometric determination of tranexamic acid by azo-dye formation-application to pharmaceutical preparations,” Journal of Education & Science, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 21–33, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. F. Huertas-Pérez, M. Heger, H. Dekker, H. Krabbe, J. Lankelma, and F. Ariese, “Simple, rapid, and sensitive liquid chromatography-fluorescence method for the quantification of tranexamic acid in blood,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1157, no. 1-2, pp. 142–150, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. Iskender and S. Atmaca, “Spectrofluorometric determination of tranexamic acid in pharmaceutical dosage forms,” Pharmazie, vol. 43, no. 4, p. 290, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. H. Abdel-Hay, S. M. Sabry, M. H. Barary, and T. S. Belal, “Spectrophotometric determination of bisacodyl and piribedil,” Analytical Letters, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 247–262, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Y. El-Mammli, “Spectrophotometric determination of flucloxacillin in pharmaceutical preparations using some nitrophenols as a complexing agent,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 771–776, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. E. Regulska, M. Tarasiewicz, and H. Puzanowska-Tarasiewicz, “Extractive-spectrophotometric determination of some phenothiazines with dipicrylamine and picric acid,” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, vol. 27, no. 1-2, pp. 335–340, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. I. Hussain, M. I. Tariq, and H. L. Siddiqui, “Structure elucidation of chromogen resulting from Jaffe's reaction,” Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 937–948, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Sultana, M. S. Arayne, and S. N. Ali, “Charge transfer complexes of gamma aminobutyric acid-analogue, a neurotransmitter: synthesis and spectrophotometric determination,” Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine, vol. 528, no. 2, pp. 12–21, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  26. G. Saito and Y. Matsunaga, “Charge-transfer and proton-transfer in the formation of molecular complexes. I. The complex isomerization of some anilinium picrates by melting,” Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, vol. 44, pp. 3328–3335, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. M. S. Refat, L. A. El-Zayat, and O. Z. Yeşilel, “Spectroscopic characterization of charge-transfer complexes of morpholine with chloranilic and picric acids in organic media: crystal structure of bis(morpholinium 2,4,6-trinitrocyclohexanolate),” Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 745–752, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. S. Saleh, A. K. Youssef, E. Y. Hashem, and D. A. Abdel-Kader, “A novel Spectrophotometric method for determination of gabapentin in pharmaceutical formulations using 2,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde,” Computational Chemistry, vol. 2, pp. 22–30, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. F. A. Siddiqui, M. S. Arayne, N. Sultana et al., “Spectrophotometric determination of gabapentin in pharmaceutical formulations using ninhydrin and π-acceptors,” European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 2761–2767, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. A. Siddiqui, N. Sher, N. Shafi, H. Shamshad, and A. Zubair, “Kinetic and thermodynamic spectrophotometric technique to estimate gabapentin in pharmaceutical formulations using ninhydrin,” Journal of Analytical Science and Technology, vol. 4, p. 17, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. P. Job, “Recherches sur la formation de complexes mineraux en solution, et sur le stabilite (formation and stability of inorganic complexes in solution),” Annali di Chimica, vol. 9, pp. 113–203, 1928. View at Google Scholar
  32. H. A. Benesi and J. Hidelbrand, “A spectrophotometric investigation of the interaction of iodine with aromatic hydrocarbons,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 71, no. 8, pp. 2703–2707, 1949. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. ICH-Q2B Guideline for Industry, “Validation of analytical procedure: methodology,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Harmonization, 2005.