Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 4269587, 6 pages
Research Article

Simultaneous Determination and Stability Studies on Diminazene Diaceturate and Phenazone Using Developed Derivative Spectrophotometric Method

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 1996, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence should be addressed to Ruaa Mohamed Akode; ude.kfou@dhom.aaur

Received 15 November 2016; Accepted 9 January 2017; Published 26 January 2017

Academic Editor: Frantisek Foret

Copyright © 2017 Ruaa Mohamed Akode et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. C. Sweetman, Ed., Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference, Pharmaceutical Press, London, UK, 36th edition, 2009.
  2. European Pharmacopoeia Commission, European pharmacopoeia 5.0, pp. 2217-2218, 2005.
  3. M. N. Abualhasan, N. Batrawi, A. N. Zaid, and D. G. Watson, “A validated and stability indicating HPLC method for analysis of diminazene aceturate and antipyrine combination in a ready injectable solution,” Drug Research, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 300–304, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. O. Aliu, M. Mamman, and A. S. Peregrine, “Pharmacokinetics of diminazene in female Boran (Bos indicus) cattle,” Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 291–300, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. B. Turnipseed, S. B. Clark, W. C. Andersen, C. M. Karbiwnyk, K. E. Miller, and J. A. Hurlbut, “Confirmation of diminazene diaceturate in bovine plasma using electrospray liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences, vol. 844, no. 1, pp. 127–133, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. W. Teunissen, J. E. Meerburg-van der Torren, N. P. Vermeulen, and D. D. Breimer, “Automated high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of antipyrine and its main metabolites in plasma, saliva and urine, including 4,4′-dihydroxy-antipyrine,” Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications, vol. 278, pp. 367–378, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Danhof, E. De Groot-Van Der Vis, and D. D. Breimer, “Assay of antipyrine and its primary metabolites in plasma, saliva and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography and some preliminary results in man,” Pharmacology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 210–223, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. G. Fouda, “Gas chromatography chemical ionization mass spectrometric analysis of diminazene in plasma,” Biological Mass Spectrometry, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 72–75, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. Staiger, J. de Vries, and E. Walter, “A rapid and sensitive method for the determination of phenazone (antipyrine) using gas-liquid-chromatography with nitrogen detection,” Journal of Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 817–819, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  10. S. A. Staroverov, O. A. Vasilenko, K. P. Gabalov et al., “A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for diminazene,” International Immunopharmacology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 75–81, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. J. Gilbert, “Studies in rabbits on the disposition and trypanocidal activity of the antitrypanosomal drug, diminazene aceturate (Berenil),” British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 133–139, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. R. L. Chang, A. W. Wood, W. R. Dixon et al., “Antipyrine: radioimmunoassay in plasma and saliva following administration of a high dose and a low dose,” Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 219–226, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. C. Atsriku, D. G. Watson, J. N. A. Tettey, M. H. Grant, and G. G. Skellern, “Determination of diminazene aceturate in pharmaceutical formulations by HPLC and identification of related substances by LC/MS,” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 979–986, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. Kassaye, A. Hymete, A. A. Bekhit, and G. Genete, “Validation of an HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of diminazene diaceturate and phenazone in injectable veterinary granules and bulk powders,” Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 255–259, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Dinç, M. Kanbur, and D. Baleanu, “Comparative application of wavelet approaches to absorption and ratio spectra for the simultaneous determination of diminazene aceturate and phenazone in veterinary granules for injection,” Pharmazie, vol. 60, no. 12, pp. 892–896, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Campbell, R. J. Prankerd, A. S. Davie, and W. N. Charman, “Degradation of berenil (diminazene aceturate) in acidic aqueous solution,” Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 56, no. 10, pp. 1327–1332, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H.-F. Miao, M. Cao, D.-Y. Xu et al., “Degradation of phenazone in aqueous solution with ozone: influencing factors and degradation pathways,” Chemosphere, vol. 119, pp. 326–333, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. J. Owen, Uses of Derivative Spectroscopy. Spectroscopy, 8 pages, 1995.
  19. T. C. McIlvaine, “A buffer solution for colorimetric comparison,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 183–186, 1921. View at Google Scholar
  20. M. Mutasim Elimam, S. Wagiealla Shantier, E. Ahmed Gadkariem, and M. Awadalla Mohamed, “Derivative spectrophotometric methods for the analysis and stability studies of colistin sulphate,” Journal of Chemistry, vol. 2015, Article ID 624316, 5 pages, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. ICH Topic Q2 (ICH), “Validation of analytical procedures: text and methodology,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use, Chicago, Ill, USA, 2005.