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International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2018, Article ID 2571808, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2571808
Research Article

Direct Observation of Amyloid β Behavior at Phospholipid Membrane Constructed on Gold Nanoparticles

Division of Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Keishi Suga; pj.ca.u-akaso.se.gnehc@agus.ihsiek and Hiroshi Umakoshi; pj.ca.u-akaso.se.gnehc@ihsokamu

Received 31 August 2018; Accepted 11 November 2018; Published 2 December 2018

Academic Editor: David M. Lubman

Copyright © 2018 Keishi Suga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Amyloid β (Aβ) is a potential biomarker of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and its fibrillation behavior is of interest and value. In this study, the Aβ behaviors on phospholipid membranes were observed by Membrane Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (MSERS) method. Phospholipid (PL) membranes, consisting of DMPC and DMPS with a molar ratio of 9:1, were fabricated on gold nanoparticles with diameter of 100 nm (Au@PL). Enhancement of the Raman intensity of Au@PL was increased by Aβ, with enhancement factor about 40. The H-bonding network was disturbed in presence of NaCl which covered Au@PL and made Au@PL away from one another. When Aβ was applied with Au@PL, the H-bonding network was disturbed just after mixing. As the reaction reaches to equilibrium, Aβ attracted neighbouring Au@PL and induced aggregation of Au@PL which blocked the aggregation prone site of Aβ to inhibit further fibrillation. Based on our method, the Aβ behaviors at lipid membrane surface can be directly observed via enhanced Raman signals.