International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease / 2011 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Studies in Alzheimer's Disease

Table 2

Motor cortex excitability parameters trend in patients examined. : basal evaluation, : 1 year after AchE-ib treatment, ADM: Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle, ECD: Extensor Digitorum Communis Muscle, SD: standard deviation. The table shows the AchEI therapy effect was not significantly impacting on TMS parameters (Pillai’s trace = .996; F(5,5) = 2.440; ). Consistently, looking at single measures, the authors did not find any significant change ( for threshold, for ADM area, for ECD area, for ADM volume, for ECD volume) (modified from [14]).

TMS ParameterHemisphereTime
MeanSDMeanSD

Threshold (%)Right40.85.838.76.8
Left39.64.937.45.6

Area ADM (N)Right5.32.54.92.4
Left5.43.54.43.5

Area ECD (N)Right5.72.65.32.5
Left6.14.35.23.5

Volume ADM (microV)Right26.812.927.015.1
Left29.418.925.819.5

Volume ECD (microV)Right33.315.629.715.8
Left38.427.631.921.0

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