Table 3: Self-reporting of basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs).

Diabetic subjectsNondiabetic subjects

Basic ADL
 Walking (able, %)
 Shower (able, %)92.097.880.0#96.8
Instrumental ADL
 Grocery shopping (able, %)80.0*
 Managing finances (able, %)68.0*96.273.3#96.8
 Meal preparation (able, %)76.0*91.290.0 96.0
 Travel outside familiar surroundings (able, %)48.0*95.050.0#95.2
 Medication compliance (able, %)48.0*96.263.3#95.2
 Ability to use public transport (able, %)76.0*96.283.3# 96.0

Values are the percentages of “able” answer to each life function. Comparison of ADLs between subjects with AD and cognitively normal subjects was performed by using the test. *P < 0.05 and #P < 0.05 compared with cognitively normal subjects in the diabetic and nondiabetic groups, respectively. AD: Alzheimer’s disease; CN: cognitively normal.