Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease
Volume 2012, Article ID 703871, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/703871
Research Article

The Relation between Inflammation and Neuropsychological Test Performance

1Psychology Service, South Texas Veterans Healthcare System, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA
2Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
3Department of Pharmacology & Neurosicence, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
4Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
5Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
6Department of Internal Medicine, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
7Institute for Aging and Alzheimer's Disease Research, University of North Texas Health Sciences Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA

Received 19 April 2012; Revised 25 July 2012; Accepted 3 August 2012

Academic Editor: Christoph Laske

Copyright © 2012 Valerie H. Balldin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. W. Keefover, E. D. Rankin, P. M. Keyl, J. C. Wells, J. Martin, and J. Shaw, “Dementing illnesses in rural populations: the need for research and challenges confronting investigators,” Journal of Rural Health, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 178–187, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Sundelöf, L. Kilander, J. Helmersson et al., “Systemic inflammation and the risk of Alzheimer's disease and dementia: a prospective population-based study,” Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 79–87, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Johnston, H. Boutin, and S. M. Allan, “Assessing the contribution of inflammation in models of Alzheimer's disease,” Biochemical Society Transactions, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 886–890, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. N. Benveniste, “Inflammatory cytokines within the central nervous system: sources, function, and mechanism of action,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 263, no. 1, pp. C1–C16, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Kaye, Y. Michael, J. Calvert, M. Leahy, D. Crawford, and P. Kramer, “Exceptional brain aging in a rural population-based cohort,” Journal of Rural Health, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 320–325, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. P. Friedland, “Epidemiology, education, and the ecology of Alzheimer's disease,” Neurology, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 246–249, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Ganguli, H. H. Dodge, P. Chen, S. Belle, and S. T. DeKosky, “Ten-year incidence of dementia in a rural elderly US community population. The MoVIES project,” Neurology, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 1109–1116, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. R. Harvan and V. Cotter, “An evaluation of dementia screening in the primary care setting,” Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 351–360, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. L. Jefferson, J. M. Massaro, A. S. Beiser et al., “Inflammatory markers and neuropsychological functioning: the framingham heart study,” Neuroepidemiology, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 21–30, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. Komulainen, T. A. Lakka, M. Kivipelto et al., “Serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein and cognitive function in elderly women,” Age and Ageing, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 443–448, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Weuve, P. M. Ridker, N. R. Cook, J. E. Buring, and F. Grodstein, “High-sensitivity C-reactive protein and cognitive function in older women,” Epidemiology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 183–189, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Schmidt, H. Schmidt, J. D. Curb, K. Masaki, L. R. White, and L. J. Launer, “Early inflammation and dementia: a 25-year follow-up of the Honolulu-Asia Aging Study,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 168–174, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. M. Bodles and S. W. Barger, “Cytokines and the aging brain-what we don't know might help us,” Trends in Neurosciences, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 621–626, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. A. Murray and M. A. Lynch, “Evidence that increased hippocampal expression of the cytokine interleukin-1β is a common trigger for age- and stress-induced impairments in long-term potentiation,” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 2974–2981, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. S. Wilson, D. A. Evans, J. L. Bienias, C. F. Mendes De Leon, J. A. Schneider, and D. A. Bennett, “Proneness to psychological distress is associated with risk of Alzheimer's disease,” Neurology, vol. 61, no. 11, pp. 1479–1485, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Waring, S. E. O'Bryant , J. S. Reisch et al., “The Texas Alzheimer's Research Consortium longitudinal research cohort: study design and baseline characteristics,” Texas Public Health Journal, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 9–13, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  17. G. McKhann, D. Drachman, and M. Folstein, “Clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: report of the NINCDS-ADRDA work group under the auspices of Department of Health and Human Services Task Force on Alzheimer's disease,” Neurology, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 939–944, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. F. Folstein, S. E. Folstein, and P. R. McHugh, “'Mini mental state'. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 189–198, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. P. Hughes, L. Berg, and W. L. Danziger, “A new clinical scale for the staging of dementia,” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 140, no. 6, pp. 566–572, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. A. Steinberg, L. A. Bieliauskas, G. E. Smith, and R. J. Ivnik, “Mayo's older Americans normative studies: age- and IQ-adjusted norms for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Test, and MAE Controlled Oral Word Association Test,” Clinical Neuropsychologist, vol. 19, no. 3-4, pp. 329–377, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. V. L. Hobson, J. R. Hall, M. Harvey et al., “An examination of the Boston Naming Test: calculation of “estimated” 60-item score from 30- and 15-item scores in a cognitively impaired population,” International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 351–355, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Yu, “Hepatitis B virus induces a novel inflammation network involving three inflammatory factors, IL-29, IL-8, and Cyclooxygenase-2,” The Journal of Immunology (1950), vol. 187, no. 9, pp. 4844–4860, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  23. B. E. Barton, “IL-6-like cytokines and cancer cachexia: consequences of chronic inflammation,” Immunologic Research, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 41–58, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. Marinou, “Biomarkers predicting metabolic syndrome: the role of adiponectin and systemic inflammation,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 155, no. 2, pp. 286–287, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Dong, E. Jimi, C. Zeiss, M. S. Hayden, and S. Ghosh, “Constitutively active NF-κB triggers systemic TNFα-dependent inflammation and localized TNFα-independent inflammatory disease,” Genes and Development, vol. 24, no. 16, pp. 1709–1717, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. M. Dayer, R. Chicheportiche, C. Juge-Aubry, and C. Meier, “Adipose tissue has anti-inflammatory properties: focus on IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra),” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1069, pp. 444–453, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. P. Doescher, J. E. Jackson, A. Jerant, and L. Gary Hart, “Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study,” Journal of Rural Health, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 112–118, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. N. Jones and J. J. Gallo, “Dimensions of the Mini-Mental State Examination among community dwelling older adults,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 605–618, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. E. O'Bryant, J. D. Humphreys, G. E. Smith et al., “Detecting dementia with the mini-mental state examination in highly educated individuals,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 65, no. 7, pp. 963–967, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. E. Van Exel, A. J. M. De Craen, E. J. Remarque et al., “Interaction of atherosclerosis and inflammation in elderly subjects with poor cognitive function,” Neurology, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 1695–1701, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus