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International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease
Volume 2014, Article ID 769062, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/769062
Research Article

A Research on Functional Status, Environmental Conditions, and Risk of Falls in Dementia

1Institute of Gerontology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia
2Institute for Behavioral Research, 50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 3 February 2014; Accepted 4 May 2014; Published 19 May 2014

Academic Editor: Ricardo Nitrini

Copyright © 2014 Sima Ataollahi Eshkoor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effects of disability, physical activity, and functional status as well as environmental conditions on the risk of falls among the elderly with dementia after adjusting for sociodemographic factors. Data were derived from a group including 1210 Malaysian elderly who were demented and noninstitutionalized. The study was a national cross-sectional survey that was entitled “Determinants of Health Status among Older Malaysians.” Approximately 17% of subjects experienced falls. The results showed that ethnic non-Malay and functional decline significantly increased the risk of falls in samples (). The findings indicated that increased environmental quality significantly decreased the risk of falls (). Disability, age, marital status, educational level, sex differences, and physical activity were found irrelevant to the likelihood of falls in subjects (). It was concluded that functional decline and ethnic non-Malay increased the risk of falls but the increased environmental quality reduced falls.