Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 378483, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/378483
Research Article

Burning Characteristics of Ammonium-Nitrate-Based Composite Propellants with a Hydroxyl-Terminated Polybutadiene/Polytetrahydrofuran Blend Binder

Department of Applied Chemistry, National Defense Academy, Hashirimizu 1-10-20, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan

Received 5 December 2011; Accepted 24 January 2012

Academic Editor: Valsalayam Sanal Kumar

Copyright © 2012 Makoto Kohga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. P. Sutton, Rocket Propulsion Element, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1992.
  2. C. Oommen and S. R. Jain, “Ammonium nitrate: a promising rocket propellant oxidizer,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 253–281, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Hagihara, T. Ichikawa, H. Shinpo, and M. Suzuki, “Effects of chromium and cobalt compounds on burning rate of ammonium nitrate/hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene composite propellants,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 390–395, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  4. H. Nakamura, M. Akiyoshi, K. Sakata, and Y. Hara, “Effect of metal complex catalysis of tetraaza-(14)-anurene on the thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate and ammonium perchlorate,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 101–107, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  5. G. Singh and S. P. Felix, “Studies on energetic compounds: Part 36: Evaluation of transition metal salts of NTO as burning rate modifiers for HTPB-AN composite solid propellants,” Combustion and Flame, vol. 135, no. 1-2, pp. 145–150, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Quinn Brewster, T. A. Sheridan, and A. Ishihara, “Ammonium nitrate-magnesium propellant combustion and heat transfer mechanisms,” Journal of Propulsion and Power, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 760–769, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. P. Sinditskii, V. Y. Egorshev, A. I. Levshenkov, and V. V. Serushkin, “Ammonium nitrate: combustion mechanism and the role of additives,” Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 269–280, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. Nihal Tüzün and B. Zühtü Uysal, “The effect of ammonium nitrate, coarse/fine ammonium nitrate ratio, plasticizer, bonding agent, and Fe2O3 content on ballistic and mechanical properties of hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene based composite propellants containing 20% AP,” Journal of ASTM International, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 233–245, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Kohga and S. Nishino, “Burning characteristics of ammonium nitrate-based composite propellants supplemented with ammonium dichromate,” Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 340–346, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Kuwahara and N. Shinozaki, “Burning mechanism of ammonium nitrate/aluminum composite propellants,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 131–136, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  11. B. N. Kondrikov, V. E. Annikov, V. Y. Egorshev, L. DeLuca, and C. Bronzi, “Combustion of ammonium nitrate-based compositions, metal-containing and water-impregnated compounds,” Journal of Propulsion and Power, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 763–771, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Murata, Y. Azuma, T. Tohara et al., “The effect of magnalium(Mg-Al alloy) on combustion characteristics of ammonium nitrate-based solid propellant,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 58–66, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  13. B. E. Greiner, R. A. Frederick, and M. D. Moser, “Combustion effects of C60 soot in ammonium nitrate propellants,” Journal of Propulsion and Power, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 713–715, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. Kazita, T. Saito, T. Yamaya, M. Shimoda, and A. Iwama, “Ignition characteristics of GAP/AN/AP-based solid propellants for low pollution at sub-atmospheric pressures,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  15. K. Kato and G. Nakasita, “Burning rate characteristics of GAP/AN propellant,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 130–134, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  16. Y. Oyumi and E. Kimura, “IM characteristics of GAP/AN composite propellents,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 9–13, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  17. M. Takizuka, “Combustion characteristics of GAP based composite propellants (I)—theoretical combustion performance and burning rate,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 181–191, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  18. C. Nakajima, T. Saito, T. Yamaya, and M. Shimoda, “The effects of chromium compounds on PVA-coated AN and GAP binder pyrolysis, and PVA-coated AN/GAP propellant combustion,” Fuel, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 321–326, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Simões, L. Pedroso, A. Portugal, I. Plaksin, and J. Campos, “New propellant component, part II. Study of a PSAN/ DNAM/HTPB based formulation,” Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 278–283, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. D. Judge and P. Lessard, “An advanced GAP/AN/TAGN propellant. Part I: ballistic properties,” Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 175–181, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. R. Goleniewski and J. A. Roberts, U.S. Patent 5783769-Solid Propellant with Non-crystalline Polyether/Energetic Plasticizer Binder, issued on July 21, 1998.
  22. M. Kohga, W. Miyano, and T. Kojima, “Burning characteristics of polytetrahydrofuran-based composite propellant,” Journal of Propulsion and Power, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1418–1421, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Kohga and K. Okamoto, “Thermal decomposition behaviors and burning characteristics of ammonium nitrate/polytetrahydrofuran/glycerin composite propellant,” Combustion and Flame, vol. 158, no. 3, pp. 578–582, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Kohga, “Application of polytetrahydrofuran as a plasticizer of HTPB binder,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 77–82, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Kohga, “Mechanical properties and burning characteristics of AP / HTPB composite propellant using polytetrahydrofuran as a plasticizer,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 71, no. 5-6, pp. 145–150, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  26. K. Okamoto, M. Kohga, and K. Hasue, “Thermal behavior and tensile property of PTHF/HTPB blend,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 87–93, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Kohga and K. Okamoto, “Thermal decomposition behavior of AN-based composite propellant with hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene/polytetrahydrofuran blend as a binder,” Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 161–168, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  28. NASA Glenn's computer code Chemical Equilibrium with Applications, http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/CEAWeb/.