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International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 521630, 12 pages
Research Article

Tracking of Noncooperative Airborne Targets Using ADS-B Signal and Radar Sensing

1Department of Electrical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2School of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73109, USA
3Intelligent Automation, Inc., Rockville, MD 20855, USA

Received 31 October 2012; Revised 2 January 2013; Accepted 6 January 2013

Academic Editor: Srinivas R. Vadali

Copyright © 2013 Ming-Shih Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


As the Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) system has gained wide acceptance, additional exploitations of the radioed satellite-based information are topics of current interest. One such opportunity includes the augmentation of the communication ADS-B signal with a random biphase modulation for concurrent use as a radar signal. This paper addresses the formulation and analysis of a suitable noncooperative multitarget tracking method for the ADS-B radar system using radar ranging techniques and particle filter algorithms. In addition, the low-update-rate measurement due to the ADS-B system specification is discussed in order to provide acceptable estimation results. Simulation results show satisfactory tracking capability up to several kilometers with acceptable accuracy.