- Some Congruence Properties of a Restricted Bipartition Function , Nipen Saikia and Chayanika Boruah

International Journal of Analysis

Research Article (7 pages), Article ID 9037692, Volume 2016 (2016)

Published 8 August 2016

International Journal of Analysis

Volume 2017, Article ID 9721671, 3 pages

https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9721671

## Comment on “Some Congruence Properties of a Restricted Bipartition Function ”

Department of Mathematics, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1419, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Qing Zou; ude.awoiu@gniq-uoz

Received 9 January 2017; Accepted 12 June 2017; Published 13 July 2017

Academic Editor: Ahmed Zayed

Copyright © 2017 Qing Zou. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### 1. Introduction

This commentary is intended to correct the errors that happened in [1]. Recall that a partition of a positive integer is a nonincreasing sequence of positive integers whose sum is . A bipartition of a positive integer is a pair of partitions such that the sum of all the parts is . Let be the number of bipartitions of . This function has some beautiful arithmetic properties (see, e.g., [2]). Recently, there is more and more research on the bipartitions with certain restrictions on each partition, for example, [3–7]. In this short review, we consider the number of bipartitions with the restriction that each part of is divisible by . Let denote the number of bipartitions of such that part of is divisible by . The generating function for is given by [8] where

We will mainly focus on the case when , where is any positive integer. In [1], the discussion on congruence identities for was based on an incorrect lemma. We will point out all the incorrect points in that paper in the next section.

#### 2. Comments on the Results of Saikia and Boruah

In [1], Saikia and Boruah considered the congruence identities for by employing the following lemma.

*Lemma** 13 of [1]** where** is the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction and*

However, the lemma of this version is wrong, The correct version should be as follows.

Lemma 1. *Let be defined as above: *

There are several proofs of this famous identity (see, e.g., [9, 10]).

In [1], all the discussion in Section was based on Lemma of [1] which has been shown above.

Since Lemma of [1] is not correct, the discussion in Section is not correct.

First, we can say that the conclusion shown in Theorem of [1], which says is correct. However, in the course of the proof, there is one mistake. The equation which is equation () of [1], is not correct. It should be

The first result of Theorem of [1] is also correct, but the proof has a problem. In the course of the proof, equation () of [1] should be rather than

However, the second conclusion and the third conclusion of Theorem of [1] are not correct. The proof of Theorem (ii, iii) of [1] relies on the claim that However, as we have pointed out above, we do not have the factor in . This is the reason why the second conclusion and the third conclusion of Theorem of [1] cannot hold.

Actually, we do have some 3-dissection formulas to find how and modulo-3 look like. Let us show them now.

Thanks to [11], we have If we let , and in Entry 31 of [12, p. 48], we can obtain where According to these two formulas, we get that When extracting terms involving , dividing by and replacing by , we obtain When extracting terms involving , dividing by and replacing by , we obtain Up to now, we have obtained the forms of and modulo-3. However, we cannot get any congruence properties of or by the forms of and modulo-3 above.

#### Conflicts of Interest

The author declares no conflicts of interest.

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