Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2008, Article ID 142497, 5 pages
Research Article

An Analytical Prediction Model of Time Diversity Performance for Earth-Space Fade Mitigation

Wireless & Satellite Communications Group, Division of Information Transmission Systems and Materials Technology, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Zografou, Greece

Received 14 August 2007; Accepted 25 January 2008

Academic Editor: Krishnasamy Selvan

Copyright © 2008 Pantelis-Daniel M. Arapoglou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. D. Panagopoulos, P.-D. M. Arapoglou, and P. G. Cottis, “Satellite communications at Ku, Ka, and V bands: propagation impairments and mitigation techniques,” IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 2–14, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  2. A. D. Panagopoulos, P.-D. M. Arapoglou, G. E. Chatzarakis, J. D. Kanellopoulos, and P. G. Cottis, “Unbalanced large scale multiple site diversity performance in satellite communication networks,” in Proceedings of the 28th URSI General Assembly, New Delhi, India, October 2005.
  3. A. D. Panagopoulos and J. D. Kanellopoulos, “A simple model for orbital diversity gain on earth-space propagation paths,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1403–1405, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. L. Dossi, G. Tartara, and E. Matricciani, “Frequency diversity in millimeter wave satellite communications,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 567–573, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. H. Fukuchi, “Slant path attenuation analysis at 20 GHz for time-diversity reception of future satellite broadcasting,” in Proceedings of the URSI-F Open Symposium Colloque, pp. 6.5.1–6.5.4, Ravenscar, UK, 1992.
  6. A. F. Ismail and P. A. Watson, “Characteristics of fading and fade countermeasures on a satellite-Earth link operating in an equatorial climate, with reference to broadcast applications,” IEE Proceedings: Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, vol. 147, no. 5, pp. 369–373, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. S. Ventouras, C. L. Wrench, and S. A. Callaghan, “Measurement and analysis of satellite beacon transmissions at frequencies up to 50 GHz. Part 2: fade & inter-fade duration,” 2001, RCRU Project Report D40-3. View at Google Scholar
  8. H. Fukuchi and T. Nakayama, “Quantitative evaluation of time diversity as a novel attenuation mitigation technology for future high speed satellite communication,” IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. 87, no. 8, pp. 2119–2123, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  9. ITU-R, “Propagation data and prediction methods required for the design of Earth-space telecommunication systems,” 2003, Propagation in Non-Ionized Media, Rec. P.618-8, Geneva. View at Google Scholar
  10. V. Fabbro and L. Castanet, “Characterisation and modelling of time diversity in 20–50 GHz band,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '06), Nice, France, November 2006.
  11. E. Matricciani, “Time diversity as a rain attenuation countermeasure in satellite links in the 10–100 GHz frequency bands,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '06), vol. 626 SP, Nice, France, November 2006.
  12. B. C. Gremont and D. L. Ndzi, “First-order and conditional statistics of rain attenuation fade slope,” Electronics Letters, vol. 36, no. 20, pp. 1733–1734, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. T. Maseng and P. M. Bakken, “A stochastic dynamic model of rain attenuation,” IEEE Transactions on Communications Systems, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 660–669, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. A. D. Panagopoulos and J. D. Kanellopoulos, “On the rain attenuation dynamics: spatial-temporal analysis of rainfall rate and fade duration statistics,” International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 595–611, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. P.-D. M. Arapoglou, E. Kartsakli, G. E. Chatzarakis, and P. G. Cottis, “Cell-site diversity performance of LMDS systems operating in heavy rain climatic regions,” International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1345–1359, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. F. Lacoste, M. Bousquet, L. Castanet, F. Cornet, and J. Lemorton, “Improvement of the ONERA-CNES rain attenuation time series synthesizer and validation of the dynamic characteristics of the generated Fade events,” Space Communications, vol. 20, no. 1-2, pp. 45–59, 2005. View at Google Scholar