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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2011, Article ID 723719, 13 pages
Research Article

Open-Loop Beamforming Technique for MIMO System and Its Practical Realization

School of Telecommunication Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Muang, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand

Received 21 February 2011; Accepted 19 May 2011

Academic Editor: Miguel Ferrando

Copyright © 2011 Peerapong Uthansakul et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The concept of close-loop beamforming for MIMO system was well known proposed the singular value decomposition on channel matrix. This technique can improve the capacity performance, but the cost of feedback channel and the complexity processing discard the interest of implementation. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate the benefit of using an open-loop beamforming for MIMO system in practical approaches. The low-profile concept of open-loop beamforming which is convenient for implementation is proposed by just inserting Butler matrices at both transmitter and receiver. The simulation and measurement results indicate that the open-loop beamforming with Butler matrix outperforms the conventional MIMO system. Although, the close-loop beamforming offers a better performance than open-loop beamforming technique, the proposed system is attractive because it is low cost, uncomplicated, and easy to implement.