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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012, Article ID 192964, 9 pages
Research Article

Controlling Initial and Final Radii to Achieve a Low-Complexity Sphere Decoding Technique in MIMO Channels

1Developing Research and Strategic Planning Department, Mobile Communication Company of Iran (MCI), Tehran 199195-4651, Iran
2Digital Communications Signal Processing (DCSP) Research Lab., Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), Tehran 16788-15811, Iran

Received 2 August 2011; Revised 18 October 2011; Accepted 6 November 2011

Academic Editor: Wenhua Chen

Copyright © 2012 Fatemeh Eshagh Hosseini and Shahriar Shirvani Moghaddam. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In order to apply sphere decoding algorithm in multiple-input multiple-output communication systems and to make it feasible for real-time applications, its computational complexity should be decreased. To achieve this goal, this paper provides some useful insights into the effect of initial and the final sphere radii and estimating them effortlessly. It also discusses practical ways of initiating the algorithm properly and terminating it before the normal end of the process as well as the cost of these methods. Besides, a novel algorithm is introduced which utilizes the presented techniques according to a threshold factor which is defined in terms of the number of transmit antennas and the noise variance. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm offers a desirable performance and reasonable complexity satisfying practical constraints.