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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012, Article ID 713594, 8 pages
Research Article

A New Generation Method for Spatial-Temporal Correlated MIMO Nakagami Fading Channel

1College of Electronic Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
2School of Software, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing 210008, China

Received 10 July 2011; Accepted 5 September 2011

Academic Editor: Yan Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Qiu-Ming Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new generation method for spatial and temporal correlated multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) Nakagami fading channel is proposed, which has low complexity and is applicable for arbitrary fading parameters and prespecified correlation coefficients of different subchannel. The new scheme can be divided into two steps: (1) generate independent Nakagami fading sequences for each subchannel based on a novel rejection method; (2) introduce the temporal and spatial correlation based on the relationships between Rayleigh, Gamma, and Nakagami random processes. The analysis and simulation results show that the proposed simulator has a good agreement with the theoretical model on fading envelope distribution, spatial-temporal correlation characteristic.