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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2013, Article ID 105071, 9 pages
Research Article

Electromagnetic Simulation of the Near-Field Distribution around a Wind Farm

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA

Received 13 October 2012; Revised 31 December 2012; Accepted 10 January 2013

Academic Editor: David de la Vega

Copyright © 2013 Shang-Te Yang and Hao Ling. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An efficient approach to compute the near-field distribution around and within a wind farm under plane wave excitation is proposed. To make the problem computationally tractable, several simplifying assumptions are made based on the geometry problem. By comparing the approximations against full-wave simulations at 500 MHz, it is shown that the assumptions do not introduce significant errors into the resulting near-field distribution. The near fields around a wind farm are computed using the developed methodology at 150 MHz, 500 MHz, and 3 GHz. Both the multipath interference patterns and the forward shadows are predicted by the proposed method.