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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 572923, 10 pages
Research Article

Cramér-Rao Bound Study of Multiple Scattering Effects in Target Separation Estimation

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA

Received 16 January 2013; Accepted 2 April 2013

Academic Editor: Stefano Selleri

Copyright © 2013 Edwin A. Marengo and Paul Berestesky. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The information about the distance of separation between two-point targets that is contained in scattering data is explored in the context of the scalar Helmholtz operator via the Fisher information and associated Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) relevant to unbiased target separation estimation. The CRB results are obtained for the exact multiple scattering model and, for reference, also for the single scattering or Born approximation model applicable to weak scatterers. The effects of the sensing configuration and the scattering parameters in target separation estimation are analyzed. Conditions under which the targets' separation cannot be estimated are discussed for both models. Conditions for multiple scattering to be useful or detrimental to target separation estimation are discussed and illustrated.