Table 3: The measured antenna gains and efficiencies within the operating bandwidth of the proposed antenna.

FrequencyGain (dBi)
-plane -plane -planeEfficiency (%)
Max. gainMax. gainMax. gain

700 MHz 0.081.621.7758.57
960 MHz0.811.411.8163.47
1710 MHz0.650.570.854.91
2170 MHz0.440.830.7155.6
2450 MHz0.981.091.1762.3
2700 MHz1.181.441.2160.7
5150 MHz1.011.221.3162.1
5500 MHz0.540.881.1556.8
5850 MHz0.350.480.7751.6

“Max.: maximum.”