Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2014, Article ID 670930, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/670930
Research Article

Implementation of an Optical-Wireless Network with Spectrum Sensing and Dynamic Resource Allocation Using Optically Controlled Reconfigurable Antennas

1Laboratory WOCA (Wireless and Optical Convergent Access), National Institute of Telecommunications (Inatel), João de Camargo Avenue 510, 37540-000 Santa Rita do Sapucaí, MG, Brazil
2“NovaGenesis” Project, National Institute of Telecommunications (Inatel), João de Camargo Avenue 510, 37540-000 Santa Rita do Sapucaí, MG, Brazil
3Federal University of Itajubá (Unifei), Benedito Pereira dos Santos Avenue, 1303, 37500-903 Itajubá, MG, Brazil

Received 14 December 2013; Revised 14 February 2014; Accepted 22 February 2014; Published 30 April 2014

Academic Editor: Ali El-Hajj

Copyright © 2014 E. Raimundo-Neto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Wake, A. Nkansah, and N. J. Gomes, “Radio over fiber link design for next generation wireless systems,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 2456–2464, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Pawelczak, K. Nolan, L. Doyle, S. Oh, and D. Cabric, “Cognitive radio: ten years of experimentation and development,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 90–100, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, “Microwave photonics,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4628–4641, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. P. Villena, S. Arismar Cerqueira Jr., M. L. F. Abbade, H. E. Hernandez Figueroa, and H. L. Fragnito, “Generation of quaternary-amplitude microwave signals by using a new optical heterodyne technique,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 54, pp. 2738–2743, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Deronne, V. Moeyaert, and S. Bette, “WiFi transmission in radio-over-fiber systems: performance of the IEEE 802.11n aggregation mechanism,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM '13), pp. 167–172, Brest, France, 2013.
  6. C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, Y.-L. Liu et al., “Theory and technology for standard WiMAX over fiber in high speed train systems,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 2327–2336, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. G. Lona, H. E. Hernández-Figueroa, S. A. Cerqueira Jr., R. M. Assumpção, O. C. Branquinho, and M. L. F. Abbade, “Investigation of noise sources in radio-over-fiber systems for Wi-Fi applications,” in Proceedings of the SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC '11), pp. 97–101, Natal, Brazil, November 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Shao, F. Paresys, Y. le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, and B. Cabon, “Convergence of 60 GHz radio over fiber and WDM-PON using parallel phase modulation with a single Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 30, pp. 2824–22831, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  9. D. G. Lona, R. M. Assumpção, O. C. Branquinho, M. L. F. Abbade, H. E. Hernandez Figueroa, and S. Arismar Cerqueira Jr., “Implementation and performance investigation of radio over fiber systems in wireless sensor networks,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 54, pp. 2669–2675, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Haykin, “Cognitive radio: brain-empowered wireless communications,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 201–220, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Axell, G. Leus, E. G. Larsson, and H. V. Poor, “Spectrum sensing for cognitive radio : state-of-the-art and recent advances,” IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 101–116, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Unnikrishnan and V. V. Veeravalli, “Algorithms for dynamic spectrum access with learning for cognitive radio,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 750–760, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Al-Dulaimi, H. Al-Raweshidy, J. Cosmas, and J. Loo, “Cognitive mesh networks: cognitive radio over fiber for microcells applications,” IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 54–60, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Attar, H. Li, V. C. M. Leung, and Q. Pang, “Cognitive wireless local area network over fibers: architecture, research issues and testbed implementation,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 107–113, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  15. Y. Tawk, J. Costantine, S. Hemmady, G. Balakrishnan, K. Avery, and C. G. Christodoulou, “Demonstration of a cognitive radio front end using an optically pumped reconfigurable antenna system (OPRAS),” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 1075–1083, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Llorente, M. Morant, T. Tokle, T. Quinlan, M. Thakur, and S. Walker, “UWB radio-over-fiber and photonic sensing for cognitive optical access networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference (LEOS '09), pp. 733–734, October 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Llorente, M. Morant, J. Puche, J. Romme, and T. Alves, “Sensing ultra-low-power radio signals by photonic analog-to-digital conversion,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC '09), September 2009. View at Scopus
  18. J. Mitola III, “Software radios: survey, critical evaluation and future directions,” IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 25–36, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Mitola III and G. Q. Maguire Jr., “Cognitive radio: making software radios more personal,” IEEE Personal Communications, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 13–18, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Demestichas, G. Dimitrakopoulos, J. Strassner, and D. Bourse, “Introducing reconfigurability and cognitive networks concepts in the wireless world,” IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 32–39, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. Jiang, S. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Chen, “A channel allocation strategy for multi-hop cognitive radio networks,” in Proceedings of the Wireless Telecommunications Symposium (WTS '13), pp. 1–6, Phoenix, Ariz, USA, April 2013.
  22. P. Jun, J. Mingyang, J. Fu, and L. Weirong, “Active cooperation-aware spectrum resource allocation in cognitive radio network,” in Proceedings of the 32nd Chinese Control Conference (CCC '13), pp. 6409–6414, Xi’an, China, July 2013.
  23. M. McHenry, “NSF spectrum occupancy measurements project summary,” Shared Spectrum Co., August 2005.
  24. Federal Communications Commission, Technical Spectrum Policy Task Force Report, November 2012.
  25. Y. Zeng, Y.-C. Liang, A. T. Hoang, and R. Zhang, “A review on spectrumsensing for cognitive radio: challenges and solutions,” EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, vol. 2010, Article ID 381465, pp. 1–15, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Atapattu, C. Tellambura, and H. Jiang, “Analysis of area under the ROC curve of energy detection,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1216–1225, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. V. Poor, An Introduction to Signal Detection and Estimation, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 1994.
  28. H. Urkowitz, “Energy detection of unknown deterministic signals,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 55, pp. 523–531, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  29. J. Lundén, V. Koivunen, A. Huttunen, and H. V. Poor, “Collaborative cyclostationary spectrum sensing for cognitive radio systems,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 57, no. 11, pp. 4182–4195, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. P. Bianchi, M. Debbah, M. Maida, and J. Najim, “Performance of statistical tests for single-source detection using random matrix theory,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 2400–2419, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. E. Axell and E. G. Larsson, “A unified framework for GLRT-based spectrum sensing of signals with covariance matrices with known eigenvalue multiplicities,” in Proceedings of the 36th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '11), pp. 2956–2959, Prague, Czech Republic, May 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. Wang and M. Tao, “Blind spectrum sensing by information theoretic criteria for cognitive radios,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 3806–3817, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Guillory, S. Meyer, I. Sianud et al., “Radio-over-fiber architectures: future multigigabit wireless systems in the home-area network,” IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 30–38, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. Arismar Cerqueira Jr., I. F. da Costa, L. T. Manera, and J. A. Diniz, “Optically controlled E-antenna for cognitive and adaptive radio over fiber systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Day, Valencia, Spain, November 2013.
  35. A. Khidre, K.-F. Lee, F. Yang, and A. Z. Elsherbeni, “Circular polarization reconfigurable wideband E-shaped patch antenna for wireless applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 960–964, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. B. L. Dang and I. Niemegeers, “Analysis of IEEE 802.11 in radio over fiber home networks,” in Proceedings of the 30th IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN '05), pp. 744–747, Sydney, Australia, November 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. Kim, J. H. Cho, S. Kim et al., “Radio-over-fiber system for TDD-based OFDMA wireless communication systems,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3419–3427, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. Das, M. Mjeku, A. Nkansah, and N. J. Gomes, “Effects on IEEE 802.11 MAC throughput in wireless LAN over fiber systems,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3321–3328, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. S. Gast, 802.11n: A Survival Guide, O’Reilly Media, Inc., Sebastopol, Calif, USA, 1st edition, 2012.
  40. E. Parahia and R. Stacey, Next Generation Wireless Lans, Throughput, Robustness, and Reliability in 802.11n, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1st edition, 2008.
  41. NovaGenesis, http://www.inatel.br/novagenesis/.