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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 724294, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/724294
Research Article

Design and Characteristic Analysis of Multicarrier Chaotic Phase Coded Radar Pulse Train Signal

School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China

Received 16 January 2014; Revised 24 March 2014; Accepted 7 April 2014; Published 12 May 2014

Academic Editor: J.S. Mandeep

Copyright © 2014 Qiongdan Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

By introducing phase code into multicarrier orthogonal frequency division multiplex signal, the multicarrier phase coded (MCPC) radar signal possesses a good spectrum utilization rate and can achieve a good combination of narrowband and wideband processing. Radar pulse train signal not only reserves the high range resolution of monopulse signal, but also has the same velocity resolution performance as continuous wave signal does. In this study, we use the chaotic biphase code generated by Chebyshev mapping to conduct a phase modulation on MCPC pulse train so as to design two different types of multicarrier chaotic phase coded pulse train signal. The ambiguity functions of the two pulse train signals are compared with that of P4 code MCPC pulse train. In addition, we analyze the influences of subcarrier number, phase-modulated bit number, and period number on the pulse train’s autocorrelation performance. The low probability of intercept (LPI) performance of the two signals is also discussed. Simulation results show that the designed pulse train signals have a thumbtack ambiguity function, a periodic autocorrelation side lobe lower than P4 code MCPC pulse train, and excellent LPI performance, as well as the feature of waveform diversity.