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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2015, Article ID 171808, 10 pages
Research Article

Direct Data Domain Sparsity-Based STAP Utilizing Subaperture Smoothing Techniques

1Research Institute of Space Electronics, Electronics Science and Engineering School, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
2Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GJ, UK

Received 25 April 2014; Revised 6 October 2014; Accepted 16 October 2014

Academic Editor: Hang Hu

Copyright © 2015 Zhaocheng Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We propose a novel direct data domain (D3) sparsity-based space-time adaptive processing (STAP) algorithm utilizing subaperture smoothing techniques for airborne radar applications. Different from either normal sparsity-based STAP or D3 sparsity-based STAP, the proposed algorithm firstly uses only the snapshot in the cell under test (CUT) to generate multiple subsnapshots by exploiting the space-time structure of the steering vector and the uncorrelated nature of the components of the interference covariance matrix. Since the interference spectrum is sparse in the whole angle-Doppler plane, by employing a sparse regularization, the generated multiple subsnapshots are jointly used to recover the interference spectrum. The interference covariance matrix is then estimated from the interference spectrum, followed by the space-time filtering and the target detection. Simulation results illustrate that the proposed algorithm outperforms the generalized forward/backward method, the conventional D3 least squares STAP algorithm, and the existing D3 sparsity-based STAP algorithm. Furthermore, compared with the normal sparsity-based STAP algorithm using multiple snapshots, the proposed algorithm can also avoid the performance degradation caused by discrete interferers merely appearing in the CUT.