Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 570870, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/570870
Research Article

Phantoms for Development of Microwave Sensors for Noninvasive Blood Glucose Monitoring

Department of Biomedical Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Zikova 4, 166 36 Prague, Czech Republic

Received 24 November 2014; Revised 16 January 2015; Accepted 20 January 2015

Academic Editor: Chih-Hua Chang

Copyright © 2015 Jan Vrba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. International Diabetes Federeation, IDF Diabetes Atlas, 6th edition, 2013, http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas.
  2. C.-F. So, K.-S. Choi, T. K. S. Wong, and J. W. Y. Chung, “Recent advances in noninvasive glucose monitoring,” Medical Devices, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 45–52, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. R. Jean, E. C. Green, and M. J. McClung, “A microwave frequency sensor for non-invasive blood-glucose measurement,” in Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium (SAS '08), pp. 4–7, February 2008. View at Scopus
  4. E. C. Green, Design of a microwave sensor for non-invasive determination of blood-glucose concentration [Ph.D. thesis], 2005, Includes bibliographical references (p. 53–56).
  5. B. Freer and J. Venkataraman, “Feasibility study for non-invasive blood glucose monitoring,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium (APSURSI '10), pp. 1–4, IEEE, Toronto, Canada, July 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. P. F. M. Smulders, M. G. Buysse, and M. D. Huang, “Dielectric properties of glucose solutions in the 0.5–67 GHz range,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 1916–1917, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. Topsakal, T. Karacolak, and E. Moreland, “Glucose-dependent dielectric properties of blood plasma,” in Proceedings of the 30th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium, pp. 1–4, IEEE, Istanbul, Turkey, August 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. T. Karacolak, E. C. Moreland, and E. Topsakal, “Cole-cole model for glucose-dependent dielectric properties of blood plasma for continuous glucose monitoring,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 1160–1164, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. Hayashi, L. Livshits, A. Caduff, and Y. Feldman, “Dielectric spectroscopy study of specific glucose influence on human erythrocyte membranes,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 369–374, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Livshits, A. Caduff, M. S. Talary, and Y. Feldman, “Dielectric response of biconcave erythrocyte membranes to D- and L-Glucose,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 15–19, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Venkataraman and B. Freer, “Feasibility of non-invasive blood glucose monitoring: in-vitro measurements and phantom models,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI '11), pp. 603–606, July 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Hofmann, G. Fischer, R. Weigel, and D. Kissinger, “Microwave-based noninvasive concentration measurements for biomedical applications,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 2195–2204, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 1997.
  14. COMSOL AB, COMSOL Multiphysics User's Guide, Version 4.3, 2012.
  15. J. Karch, Dielectric-properties measurements of glucose solutions and design of suitable measurement probe for noninvasive monitoring of blood glucose levels [M.S. thesis], Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, 2014.
  16. Keysight Technologies, “Keysight 85070E dielectric probe kit, 200 MHz to 50 GHz,” Technical Overview, Keysight Technologies, Santa Clara, Calif, USA, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  17. Matlab 7, Program and User's Manual, 2010.
  18. D. Vrba and J. Vrba, “Novel applicators for local microwave hyperthermia based on zeroth-order mode resonator metamaterial,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2014, Article ID 631398, 7 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. J. Yang, M. Huang, H. Tang, J. Zeng, and L. Dong, “Metamaterial sensors,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2013, Article ID 637270, 16 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus