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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016, Article ID 1956047, 7 pages
Research Article

Location Optimization for Square Array Antennas Using Differential Evolution Algorithm

Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gazi University, Maltepe, 06570 Ankara, Turkey

Received 28 March 2016; Accepted 24 April 2016

Academic Editor: Sotirios K. Goudos

Copyright © 2016 Erkan Afacan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In recent works thinned arrays giving minimum peak sidelobe levels for planar square antenna arrays are obtained using Hadamard difference sets. In the current work thinned array configurations giving lower peak sidelobe levels than those given in the literature are obtained for square arrays of , , , and elements. Differential evolution algorithm is used in the determination of the antenna locations.