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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2564087, 10 pages
Research Article

Miniaturized Dielectric Resonator Antenna Array for GNSS Applications

Institute of Communications and Navigation, German Aerospace Center (DLR), 82234 Wessling, Germany

Received 2 May 2016; Revised 6 June 2016; Accepted 13 June 2016

Academic Editor: Yingsong Li

Copyright © 2016 S. Caizzone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The increase in global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) availability and services is fostering a new wave of applications related to satellite navigation. Such increase is also followed by more and more threats, aiming at signal disruption. In order to fully exploit the potentialities of precise and reliable navigation, being able at the same time to counteract threats such as interference, jamming, and spoofing, smart antenna systems are being investigated worldwide, with the requirements of multiband operation and compactness. In order to answer such need, the present work proposes a miniaturized dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) 2 × 2 array able to operate at E5/L5, L2, and E6 bands, with an overall footprint of only 3.5′′ (89 mm).