Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2706836, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2706836
Research Article

Investigation on Beamspace Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Synthetic Aperture Radar Data Imaging

1School of Information and Communication Engineering and Beijing Key Laboratory of Network System Architecture and Convergence, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
2Department of Spaceborne Microwave Remote Sensing, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IECAS), Beijing 100190, China

Received 3 October 2015; Revised 4 January 2016; Accepted 27 January 2016

Academic Editor: Angelo Liseno

Copyright © 2016 Hongbo Mo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Gebert, Multi-channel azimuth processing for high-resolution wide-swath SAR imaging [Ph.D. Dissertation], Universität Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2009.
  2. A. Freeman, W. T. K. Johnson, B. Huneycutt et al., “The ‘myth’ of the minimum SAR antenna area constraint,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 320–324, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. B. R. Jean and J. W. Rouse Jr., “A multiple beam synthetic aperture radar design concept for geoscience applications,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 201–207, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Currie and M. A. Brown, “Wide-swath SAR,” IEE Proceedings, Part F: Radar and Signal Processing, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 122–135, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. D. Callaghan and I. D. Longstaff, “Wide-swath space-borne SAR using a quad-element array,” IEE Proceedings: Radar, Sonar and Navigation, vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 159–165, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Suess, B. Grafmueller, and R. Zahn, “A novel high resolution, wide swath SAR system,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARRS '01), pp. 1013–1015, Sydney, Australia, July 2001. View at Scopus
  7. M. Suess and W. Wiesbeck, “Side-looking synthetic aperture radar system,” Euro Patent EP 1 241 487 A1, 2001.
  8. G. Krieger, N. Gebert, M. Younis, and A. Moreira, “Advanced synthetic aperture radar based on digital beamforming and waveform diversity,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Radar Conference, pp. 1–6, Rome, Italy, May 2008.
  9. G. Krieger, N. Gebert, and A. Moreira, “Multidimensional waveform encoding: a new digital beamforming technique for synthetic aperture radar remote sensing,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 31–46, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W.-Q. Wang, “Space-time coding MIMO-OFDM SAR for high-resolution imaging,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 3094–3104, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W.-Q. Wang, “Virtual antenna array analysis for MIMO synthetic aperture radars,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2012, Article ID 587276, 10 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. W.-Q. Wang, “Mitigating range ambiguities in high-PRF SAR with OFDM waveform diversity,” IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 101–105, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Cristallini, D. Pastina, and P. Lombardo, “Exploiting MIMO SAR potentialities with efficient cross-track constellation configurations for improved range resolution,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 38–52, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. Krieger, “MIMO-SAR: opportunities and pitfalls,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 2628–2645, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. Xu, Y. Deng, and R. Wang, “Multichannel synthetic aperture radar systems with a planar antenna for future spaceborne microwave remote sensing,” IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 26–30, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Garmatyuk, “Cross-range SAR reconstruction with multicarrier OFDM signals,” IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 808–812, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J.-H. Kim, M. Younis, A. Moreira, and W. Wiesbeck, “A novel OFDM chirp waveform scheme for use of multiple transmitters in SAR,” IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 568–572, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. Krieger, N. Gebert, and A. Moreira, “Unambiguous SAR signal re-construction from non-uniform displaced phase center sampling,” IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 260–264, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. Gebert, G. Krieger, and A. Moreira, “Digital beamforming on receive: techniques and optimization strategies for high-resolution wide-swath SAR imaging,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 564–592, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Moreira, J. Mittermayer, and R. Scheiber, “Extended chirp scaling algorithm for air- and spaceborne SAR data processing in stripmap and ScanSAR imaging modes,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1123–1136, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. Lanari, S. Hensley, and P. A. Rosen, “Chirp z-transform based SPECAN approach for phase-preserving ScanSAR image generation,” IEE Proceedings—Radar, Sonar and Navigation, vol. 145, no. 5, pp. 254–261, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. F. De Zan and A. M. Monti Guarnieri, “TOPSAR: terrain observation by progressive scans,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 2352–2360, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. Prats, R. Scheiber, J. Mittermayer, A. Meta, and A. Moreira, “Processing of sliding spotlight and TOPS SAR data using baseband azimuth scaling,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 770–780, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. Xu, P. Huang, R. Wang, Y. Deng, and Y. Lu, “TOPS-mode raw data processing using chirp scaling algorithm,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 235–246, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. W. Xu, P. Huang, R. Wang, and Y. Deng, “Processing of multichannel sliding spotlight and TOPS synthetic aperture radar data,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 2035–2045, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. F. Feng, S. Li, W. Yu, P. Huang, and W. Xu, “Echo separation in multi-dimensional waveform encoding SAR remote sensing using an advanced null-steering beamformer,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 4157–4172, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus