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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5949254, 12 pages
Research Article

Miniaturization of UWB Antennas on Organic Material

Department of Electrical Engineering, Frederick University, 7 Y. Frederickou Street, Pallouriotisa, 1036 Nicosia, Cyprus

Received 16 November 2015; Accepted 9 February 2016

Academic Editor: Herve Aubert

Copyright © 2016 Symeon Nikolaou and Muhammad Ali Babar Abbasi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Three planar, CPW-fed, UWB antennas with increasingly reduced size are presented and the miniaturization method is discussed. The first antenna is a CPW-fed elliptical slot with an uneven U-shaped tuning stub, the second antenna is a cactus shaped monopole, and the third one is a miniaturized version of the cactus shaped monopole antenna. All presented antennas have a simulated and measured return loss below −10 dB over the 3.1 to 10.6 GHz UWB frequency range and mostly omnidirectional radiation patterns. The proposed antennas are fabricated on liquid crystal polymer (LCP). The CPW-fed slot antenna requires an overall board dimension of 38 mm × 40 mm, and the evolved cactus monopole is confined in a 28 mm × 32 mm board, while the final miniaturized cactus monopole is printed on 28 mm × 20 mm board, resulting in a 41% and 63% size reduction, respectively. Using both simulations and measurements, the paper analyzes the response of all three antennas and discusses and demonstrates the effectiveness of the implemented miniaturization method.