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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016, Article ID 8235752, 7 pages
Research Article

Study of the Electromagnetic Waves Propagation over the Improved Fractal Sea Surface Based on Parabolic Equation Method

1Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
2School of Information Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China

Received 4 July 2016; Revised 18 September 2016; Accepted 19 October 2016

Academic Editor: Jaume Anguera

Copyright © 2016 Wenwan Ding et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An improved fractal sea surface model, which can describe the capillary waves very well, is introduced to simulate the one-dimension rough sea surface. In this model, the propagation of electromagnetic waves (EWs) is computed by the parabolic equation (PE) method using the finite-difference (FD) algorithm. The numerical simulation results of the introduced model are compared with those of the Miller-Brown model and the Elfouhaily spectrum inversion model. It has been shown that the effects of the fine structure of the sea surface on the EWs propagation in the introduced model are more apparent than those in the other two models.