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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016, Article ID 8782671, 8 pages
Research Article

Investigation of Shadowing Effects in Typical Propagation Scenarios for High-Speed Railway at 2350 MHz

1Institute of Broadband Wireless Mobile Communications, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2Department of Electrical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
3National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China

Received 18 May 2016; Accepted 25 September 2016

Academic Editor: Tamer S. Ibrahim

Copyright © 2016 Liu Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Based on realistic measurements in China, shadowing characteristics at the frequency of 2350 MHz were investigated in typical High-Speed Railway environments. After confirming that the measured shadowing satisfies wide-sense stationarity (assessed via the reverse arrangement test method), we quantify the shadowing correlation. Three types of correlation models are compared for the shadowing characterization, and the Normalized Mean Square Error is used to determine the best matching model: a single decaying exponential function. Decorrelation distances were found to be 11.9 m, 17.7 m, and 8.3 m in our three HSR scenarios, respectively. The results should be useful for the evaluation and verification of wireless communication in High-Speed Railway scenarios.