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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2754831, 8 pages
Research Article

Ocean Surface Current Observation with a Dual Monopole-Cross-Loop Antenna Array

School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hao Zhou

Received 21 July 2017; Revised 7 November 2017; Accepted 22 November 2017; Published 18 December 2017

Academic Editor: Amerigo Capria

Copyright © 2017 Yeping Lai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The high-frequency radars (HFRs) receiving the sea echoes backscattered from the fluctuating ocean surface to remotely sense ocean surface currents are a popular and powerful tool in oceanic observation. Dominant error source in current measurement for HFR systems has been recognized to be the direction of arrival (DOA) determination of the sea echoes. To eliminate this error and therefore improve the performance of direction-finding HFR system in current measurement, we have investigated a dual monopole-cross-loop (MCL) antenna array in current observation. Simulations indicated that the dual MCL antenna array has a better performance than the conventional single MCL antenna system in current mapping, especially for the complex current profile. And comparisons of radar field data and buoy measurements suggested that the RMSE value was larger than 15 cm/s for the conventional MCL antenna. But it decreased to 12.64 cm/s for the dual MCL antenna array. Moreover, the temporal coverage rate also showed the benefit of using this antenna system in current mapping. The results demonstrated that it is advisable to adopt the dual MCL antenna array in operational applications.